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Useful Tropical Plants

Cocculus pendulus

(J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.) Diels

Menispermaceae

+ Synonyms

Cocculus leaeba (Delile) DC.

Common Name:

Cocculus pendulus
Close-up of the male flower
Photograph by: Philippe Birnbaum; African plants - A Photo Guide
© Philippe Birnbaum
Cocculus pendulus Cocculus pendulus

General Information

Cocculus pendulus is a dioecious, much-branched climbing or scandent shrub[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
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Website
http://www.prota.org
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Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
The plant is used in traditional medicine, being harvested from the wild.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Northern Tropical Africa through Arabia, east to India.

Habitat

Semi-desert scrub vegetation or deciduous bushland, sometimes in shady localities along streams, climbing on trees such as Acacia and Balanites spp., up to 1,900 metres[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
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ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
]. Found on sandy and gravelly soils, sometimes colonizes dry fallow land[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitShrub
Height0.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

A plant of the drier tropics and subtropics.
Plants can grow in a variety of habitats[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Edible Uses

The flowers are added to food[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

The fruits are edible and Arabs make an intoxicating drink from them[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
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ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
]. The fruit is composed of 1 - 3 obovoid, flattened drupes, each drupe 4 - 7 mm × 4 - 5 mm, dark red, single-seeded[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Medicinal

Various parts of the plant, but especially the root, are used in traditional medicine throughout the range of this plant[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
], The treatment of fevers, including intermittent fever, is the most common use, but a range of other conditions are also treated[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
Little investigation has been made of the chemical components of the root, though the stems and leaves are known to contain a great variety of alkaloids[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
]. Of the alkaloids, cocsulinin has been shown to have anticancer properties, whilst kurramine derivatives have shown anticholesterinase activity in vitro[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
]. The alkaloids cocsoline, penduline, tetradine and isotrilobine have all shown high antiplasmodial activity in vitro[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
]. In a comparison of 20 plant species from India, however, this species was not selected as one of the promising species with antimalarial properties for further research[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
High alkaloid-producing cell lines have been established, which produce actineoplastic agents299]

The main conditions treated by this herb are fevers and intermittent fevers. The root is the plant part most commonly employed, but the leaves and stem bark are also used[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

A decoction of the roots, together with those of Tinospora bakis, is used to prepare a stimulating tonic[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
]. Stem bark and root bark decoctions are used against intestinal parasites and gonorrhoea[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
]. The root has a great reputation in Senegal against biliousness and menstrual problems and as a diuretic[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
]. It is also part of medicines against jaundice, yellow fever, leprosy, syphilis, and of an aphrodisiac[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

An infusion of the plant is used to assist in removing thorns from the feet[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

In Kenya a wood infusion is taken as an emetic[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2021-07-28. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Cocculus%20pendulus>

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