Cassine gongonha Mart.
Ilex gongonha (Mart.) D.Don
Myginda gongonha (Mart.) DC.
Villaresia congonha Miers
Villaresia cuspidata Miers
Villaresia gongonha (Mart.) Miers
Citronella gongonha is an evergreen shrub or small tree with a dense, globose crown; it can grow 4 - 5 metres tall. The short bole can be 25 - 30cm in diameter[
The tree is sometimes harvested from the wild for its low quality wood. It can be used as a pioneer species when restoring native woodland.
S. America - Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, southern, eastern and central Brazil.
A plant of secondary forest formations and open land, growing in gallery forests and poorly drained soils[
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Prefers a position in full sun or with some shade[
]. Succeeds in poorly-drained soils[
Young plants have a moderate rate of growth[
The fruit has a succulent, sweet-tasting pulp[
]. This report does not say that the fruit is edible[
]. The fruit is a dark purple, oval drupe around 10mm long and 6mm wide containing a single seed[
The leaves have sometimes been used to make a tea as a substitute for maté (Ilex paraguariensis)[
The leaves are aromatic, diuretic, stimulant[
The plant is a natural pioneer species with a moderate rate of growth and providing food for the native fauna. It can be used in reforestation projects for restoring native woodland[
The heartwood and sapwood are not clearly demarcated. The wood is moderately heavy, easy to cut but of low durability if exposed to the elements. It is only used for making light packing boxes[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a partially shaded position in a nursery seedbed. A germination rate in excess of 80% can be expected, with the seed sprouting within 40 - 50 days[
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