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Useful Tropical Plants

Citharexylum caudatum

L.

Verbenaceae

+ Synonyms

Citharexylum album Mill.

Citharexylum berteroi Spreng.

Citharexylum erectum Sw.

Citharexylum lindenii Turcz.

Citharexylum mucronatum P.Fourn. & Moldenke

Common Name:

Citharexylum caudatum
Tree with a heavy crop of fruit
Photograph by: Forest and Kim Starr
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
Citharexylum caudatum Citharexylum caudatum Citharexylum caudatum Citharexylum caudatum Citharexylum caudatum

General Information

Citharexylum caudatum is an evergreen shrub or a tree; it can grow 5 - 20 metres tall. The bole can be 20cm in diameter[
305
Title
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very good website detailing weed species that have been introduced into the Pacific Islands.
,
333
Title
Tree Species of Panama
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ctfs.arnarb.harvard.edu/webatlas/mainframe.php?order=s
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Factsheets on all the tree and shrub species of Panama, giving identification guide, brief guide to the species and some uses. A vast, but rather incomplete work as of 15/07/09.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use of its wood, It is often grown as an ornamental, and is a popular street tree in some areas[
333
Title
Tree Species of Panama
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ctfs.arnarb.harvard.edu/webatlas/mainframe.php?order=s
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Factsheets on all the tree and shrub species of Panama, giving identification guide, brief guide to the species and some uses. A vast, but rather incomplete work as of 15/07/09.
,
854
Title
Plants of Hawaii
Publication
 
Author
Starr F.; Starr K.; Loope L.
Website
http://www.hear.org/starr/hiplants/reports/
Publisher
United States Geological Survey--Biological Resources Division;
Year
2003
ISBN
 
Description
Fairly detailed reports on 92 plants found growing in Hawaii, often giving plant uses. Produced in PDF format, they can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

S. America - Peru, Colombia; C. America - Panama to Mexico; Caribbean - Windward Isles to Cuba.

Habitat

Upper mountain forests and dwarf forests of mountain peaks in Puerto Rico[
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
]. Woods and thickets in Panama[
469
Title
Contributions from the United States National Herbarium Vol. 27
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Smithsonian Institute; Washington.
Year
1928
ISBN
 
Description
Contains a Flora of the Panama Canal zone
].

Properties

Weed PotentialYes
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height12.00 m
PollinatorsBees
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details


Prefers a sunny position[
302
Title
Tropical Ornamentals; A Guide
Publication
 
Author
Whistler. W. Arthur.
Publisher
Timber Press Inc. Oregon.
Year
2000
ISBN
0-88192-448-2
Description
An excellent little guide to some of the more commonly cultivated ornamental plants of the Tropics, often giving some information on the plants other uses.
]. Grows best in relatively moist soils[
302
Title
Tropical Ornamentals; A Guide
Publication
 
Author
Whistler. W. Arthur.
Publisher
Timber Press Inc. Oregon.
Year
2000
ISBN
0-88192-448-2
Description
An excellent little guide to some of the more commonly cultivated ornamental plants of the Tropics, often giving some information on the plants other uses.
].
Often grown as an ornamental, it is a prolific producer of seeds and these seeds can be widely dispersed by birds. This has led to the plant escaping from cultivation. It can form thickets, especially in wet habitats and lowland forests, where it displaces existing native vegetation. It has been declared to be invasive in Hawaii[
305
Title
Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A very good website detailing weed species that have been introduced into the Pacific Islands.
].
The plant can flower and produce fruit all year round[
333
Title
Tree Species of Panama
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ctfs.arnarb.harvard.edu/webatlas/mainframe.php?order=s
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Factsheets on all the tree and shrub species of Panama, giving identification guide, brief guide to the species and some uses. A vast, but rather incomplete work as of 15/07/09.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The light-brown wood is hard. It is used for fence posts[
333
Title
Tree Species of Panama
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ctfs.arnarb.harvard.edu/webatlas/mainframe.php?order=s
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Factsheets on all the tree and shrub species of Panama, giving identification guide, brief guide to the species and some uses. A vast, but rather incomplete work as of 15/07/09.
,
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].
The wood is used for fuel[
333
Title
Tree Species of Panama
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ctfs.arnarb.harvard.edu/webatlas/mainframe.php?order=s
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Factsheets on all the tree and shrub species of Panama, giving identification guide, brief guide to the species and some uses. A vast, but rather incomplete work as of 15/07/09.
,
447
Title
Common Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands
Publication
 
Author
Little E.L.; Wadsworth F.H.
Publisher
USDA, Forest Service; Washington.
Year
1964
ISBN
 
Description
Contains detailed information, and usually an illustration, on 250 tree species, including both native and exotic species.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cuttings
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-06-13. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Citharexylum+caudatum>

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