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Useful Tropical Plants

Cinnamomum glaucescens

(Nees) Hand.-Mazz.

Lauraceae

+ Synonyms

Alseodaphne mollis W.W.Sm.

Cinnamomum cecidodaphne Meisn.

Laurus glaucescens Buch.-Ham. ex Nees

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Cinnamomum glaucescens is an evergreen tree growing around 15 metres tall.
A valuable timber is obtained from the tree. Seeds are harvested from the wild for medicinal use and are also exported, which has become a cause for conservation concern[
272
Title
Plants and People of Nepal
Publication
 
Author
Manandhar. N. P.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
2002
ISBN
0-88192-527-6
Description
Excellent book, covering over 1,500 species of useful plants from Nepal together with information on the geography and peoples of Nepal. Good descriptions of the plants with terse notes on their uses.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

E. Asia - northern India, Nepal, Bhutan.

Habitat

Schima forests, growing along the sides of streams and on hillsides at elevations from 1,000 - 2,500 metres in Nepal[
272
Title
Plants and People of Nepal
Publication
 
Author
Manandhar. N. P.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
2002
ISBN
0-88192-527-6
Description
Excellent book, covering over 1,500 species of useful plants from Nepal together with information on the geography and peoples of Nepal. Good descriptions of the plants with terse notes on their uses.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height15.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Species in this genus generally prefer an acidic soil with ample moisture in the growing season and a position with some shade[
1212
Title
New Trees
Publication
 
Author
Grimshaw J.; Bayton R.; Wilks H.
Publisher
Kew Publishing; London
Year
2009
ISBN
1842461737
Description
Provides comprehensive botanical descriptions and horticultural commentary on over 800 tree species that have been introduced to cultivation in recent decades.
].
Species in this genus are generally able to resprout from basal wood if the top is damaged, and will soon recover from any damage[
1212
Title
New Trees
Publication
 
Author
Grimshaw J.; Bayton R.; Wilks H.
Publisher
Kew Publishing; London
Year
2009
ISBN
1842461737
Description
Provides comprehensive botanical descriptions and horticultural commentary on over 800 tree species that have been introduced to cultivation in recent decades.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

A paste of the seeds is used as a poultice to relieve muscular swellings[
272
Title
Plants and People of Nepal
Publication
 
Author
Manandhar. N. P.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
2002
ISBN
0-88192-527-6
Description
Excellent book, covering over 1,500 species of useful plants from Nepal together with information on the geography and peoples of Nepal. Good descriptions of the plants with terse notes on their uses.
].

Essential oils are found in the leaves, fruits, bark etc of the plant.The oils can vary considerably in total content of the various compounds according to location, but the major compounds present in the fruit are 1,8-cineole (13 - 43%) and methyl cinnamate (14 - 40.5%)[
1379
Title
Essential Oils Leaf of Cinnamomum glaucescens and Cinnamomum verum from Vietnam
Publication
American Journal of Plant Sciences, 2017, 8, 2712-2721
Author
Hoang V. Chinh; Ngo X. Luong; Dau B. Thin; Do N. Dai; Tran M
Website
https://doi.org/10.4236/ajps.2017.811182
Publisher
 
Year
2017
ISBN
2158-2750
Description
 
].
The main compounds in the pericarp oil are 1,8-cineole (56%) and alpha-terpineol (10%).
The essential oil of the leaves can contain up to 92.9% elemicin[
1379
Title
Essential Oils Leaf of Cinnamomum glaucescens and Cinnamomum verum from Vietnam
Publication
American Journal of Plant Sciences, 2017, 8, 2712-2721
Author
Hoang V. Chinh; Ngo X. Luong; Dau B. Thin; Do N. Dai; Tran M
Website
https://doi.org/10.4236/ajps.2017.811182
Publisher
 
Year
2017
ISBN
2158-2750
Description
 
].
These oils have a range of medicinal applications and nematicidal, termiticidal, mosquito larvicidal, insecticidal, antifungal, antiaflatoxin, antioxidant and antibacterial activities have all been reported[
1379
Title
Essential Oils Leaf of Cinnamomum glaucescens and Cinnamomum verum from Vietnam
Publication
American Journal of Plant Sciences, 2017, 8, 2712-2721
Author
Hoang V. Chinh; Ngo X. Luong; Dau B. Thin; Do N. Dai; Tran M
Website
https://doi.org/10.4236/ajps.2017.811182
Publisher
 
Year
2017
ISBN
2158-2750
Description
 
].

Monoterpene hydrocarbons (25.9%) and oxygenated monoterpenes (64.3%) were determined as the dominant class
of compounds making up the essenial oil obtained from the leaves. The main constituents of the oil were geraniol (36.2%) and terpinen-4-ol (19.7%). alpha-Pinene (6.0%), sabinene (6.0%) and limonene (5.2%). Sesquiterpne compounds were present in amounts less than 1%. Except for alpha-terpineol, all other known compounds such as 1,8-cineole and methyl cinnamate (E)-cinnamate and elemicin that were previously identified in the essential oil were not present in the present oil sample. On the other hand, the present oil sample contained large quantities of geraniol and terpinen-4-ol which were not identified in previously studied oil samples[
1379
Title
Essential Oils Leaf of Cinnamomum glaucescens and Cinnamomum verum from Vietnam
Publication
American Journal of Plant Sciences, 2017, 8, 2712-2721
Author
Hoang V. Chinh; Ngo X. Luong; Dau B. Thin; Do N. Dai; Tran M
Website
https://doi.org/10.4236/ajps.2017.811182
Publisher
 
Year
2017
ISBN
2158-2750
Description
 
]

Other Uses

The heartwood is light brown, often with darker lines or bands traceable to seasonal growth; the sapwood is yellowish or olive-grey. The grain is interlocked; surfaces more or less lustrous. The wood is durable, both when placed in exposed positions and when in contact with water. It works well, taking a smooth finish. A valuable timber, it is highly prized for furniture[
719
Title
A Manual of the Timbers of the World
Publication
 
Author
Howard A.L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
MacMillan and Co.; London.
Year
1934
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent and comprehensive book on timbers. Rather dated, but still a main source of information for many of the less known woods. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Propagation

Seed - the seed has a short viability and is best sown as soon in containers as it is ripe[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Remove the fruit pulp since this can inhibit germination[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. Soaking the seeds for 24 hours in lukewarm water hastens germination[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
]. Germination can take 1 - 6 months at 20°c[
164
Title
Growing from Seed. Volume 4.
Publication
 
Author
Bird. R. (Editor)
Publisher
Thompson and Morgan.
Year
1990
ISBN
-
Description
Very readable magazine with lots of information on propagation. A good article on Yuccas, one on Sagebrush (Artemesia spp) and another on Chaerophyllum bulbosum.
]. The germination rate of fresh seed is about 50%, falling to 25% for seed 6 months old, and zero for those 1 year old[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
]. Stored seed should be sown as soon as possible in containers[
78
Title
Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers.
Publication
 
Author
Sheat. W. G.
Publisher
MacMillan and Co
Year
1948
ISBN
-
Description
A bit dated but a good book on propagation techniques with specific details for a wide range of plants.
]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out into their permanent positions when 10cm or more tall.
Cuttings of semi-ripe side shoots, 7cm with a heel, in a frame with bottom heat[
78
Title
Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers.
Publication
 
Author
Sheat. W. G.
Publisher
MacMillan and Co
Year
1948
ISBN
-
Description
A bit dated but a good book on propagation techniques with specific details for a wide range of plants.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2023-03-27. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Cinnamomum%20glaucescens>

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