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Useful Tropical Plants

Chidlowia sanguinea

Hoyle

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Common Name:

Chidlowia sanguinea
Leaves and ripening seedpod
Photograph by: Ehoarn Bidault
Creative Commons License
Chidlowia sanguinea Chidlowia sanguinea Chidlowia sanguinea

General Information

Chidlowia sanguinea is a deciduous tree, usually growing up to 25 metres tall, occasionally to 30 metres. The bole, which is often twisted, crooked, fluted and low-branching, is up to 80cm in diameter, occasionally to 100cm[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
]. It has many adventitious stems and occasionally has steep buttresses[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
The tree possibly has edible seeds and a wood that is occasionally used locally. It is sometimes harvested from the wild.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

West tropical Africa - Sierra Leone, Liberia, Cote D'Ivoire.

Habitat

Evergreen and moist semideciduous forest, where it can be dominant[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
,
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
]. It is usually found in the middle storey of primary forest, but occasionally also in secondary forest and gallery forest[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitDeciduous Tree
Height20.00 m
Pollinators?Birds
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



The boles of large trees are often hollow, which diminishes the commercial value and may cause danger during felling[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Edible Uses

The seeds are reportedly eaten[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Medicinal

The leaves contain the alkaloid chidlowine - this has been shown to have hypotensive and antienaemic properties[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
].

Other Uses

The heartwood is dark greenish grey with a bronze tinge to dark brown; it is distinctly demarcated from the narrow band of yellowish white to pale greyish brown sapwood. The grain is interlocked; texture moderately fine and even; radial surfaces show a ribbon figure. The wood is moderately heavy and hard. It is difficult to saw due to its hardness and the presence of interlocked grain; it is liable to splitting upon nailing. The wood is used locally for joinery, stakes and rifle butts. It is suitable for heavy construction and probably occasionally used in building local houses, and is also suitable for sliced veneer[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-06-12. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Chidlowia+sanguinea>

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