The specific name for this species is usually spelled 'catenaeformis' in older publications[
Piptadenia cateniformis Ducke
Pithecellobium cateniformis (Ducke) L.Cárdenas
Photograph by: Dick Culbert
Creative Commons Attribution 2.0
Cedrelinga cateniformis is a tree with an open, rounded crown; it can grow 30 - 46 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole can be unbranched for most of its height, 70 - 120cm in diameter, with buttresses[
The tree is commonly harvested from the wild for its wood, which is an important construction timber that is used locally and also exported. The tree is undergoing trials for growing in plantations[
S. America - Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Venezuela, Surinam, French Guiana.
Forests, usually in moist soils on slopes and hillsides[
]. High savannah forest and rain forest on granite soils[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
The heartwood is light brown with pink or orangey glints; it is not clearly demarcated from the 5 - 8cm wide band of lighter sapwood. The texture is coarse; the grain straight or interlocked, sometimes oblique; odour and taste are absent in dry specimens, but fresh-cut timber is reported to emit a disagreeable scent when worked. The wood is moderately heavy; moderately hard to very hard; elastic; somewhat durable, being moderately resistant to fungi but susceptible to dry wood borers and termites. It seasons rapidly, with only a slight risk of checking or distortion; once dry it is moderately stable in service. It works well with ordinary tools, though surfaces can be fuzzy and filling is recommended in order to obtain a better finish; nailing and screwing are poor, varying according to the weight of the wood; gluing is correct. The wood has a wide range of applications, including in construction, interior and exterior panelling and joinery, turnery, boxes and crates, furniture, blockboard and pulp[
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