Common Name: Caucho Negro
Caucho negro is a deciduous tree growing 20 - 40 metres tall[
The tree is harvested in the wild for local use for its edible fruit and the latex obtained from its trunk. The tree is probably the best rubber-producing plant in its genus, and has been semi-cultivated for this in the past[
S. America - Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador and Colombia.
Clearings and other open spots in primary forests, generally in company with Cecropia species; or in the fertile, sparsely wooded alluvial flats of valley bottoms[
]. Rainforests, where it is found at elevations from sea level to 500 metres in Ecuador.
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Semi-cultivated, Wild
A tree of the lowland humid tropics.
The tree has long, spreading, superficial roots[
Individual plants can either produce only male flowers (dioecious) or they can produce both male and female flowers (monoecious)[
]. The soft pulp is edible when fresh[
]. The fruit is 20mm long and 25mm wide when dried, so will be larger when fresh[
Members of this genus have a root system that consists of a rather short tap root and of several lateral roots spreading horizontally and so near the surface of the soil that they can often be followed for 20 to 30 metres[
]. This root system makes it difficult to grow other crops under the tree[
A latex is obtained from the trunk[
]. The rubber obtained from this tree is the most valuable obtained from any member of this genus[
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