If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating.
Useful Tropical Plants

Casearia tomentosa

Roxb.

Salicaceae

+ Synonyms

Anavinga lanceolata Lam.

Bedousia aromatica Raf.

Bedousia malabarica Dennst.

Casearia anavinga Dalzell & A.Gibson

Casearia canziala (Buch.-Ham.) Wall.

Casearia cheela Royle

Casearia pauciflora Royle

Casearia piscidia Buch.-Ham. ex Royle

Guidonia canziala (Buch.-Ham.) Kurz

Guidonia tomentosa (Roxb.) Kurz

Samyda canziala Buch.-Ham.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Casearia tomentosa is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree with a spreading crown; it usually grows around 8 metres tall[
287
Title
Flora of Pakistan
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.efloras.org
Publisher
 
Year
 
ISBN
 
Description
As of 2006, there is not much information on habitats available, but it is being developed and promises to be an excellent resource.
,
372
Title
Flowers of India
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.flowersofindia.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A wed site of native Indian plants, plus cultivated and naturalized species. It has good quality photos and terse details on more than 3,000 species and cultivars.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of materials.

Known Hazards

The bitter-tasting fruit juice is used as a fish poison[
372
Title
Flowers of India
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.flowersofindia.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A wed site of native Indian plants, plus cultivated and naturalized species. It has good quality photos and terse details on more than 3,000 species and cultivars.
,
1713
Title
Ethnobotanical Studies of Useful Trees of District Kotli, Azad Jammu and Kashmir
Publication
Biologia (Pakistan) 2014, 60 (1), 63-71
Author
Muhammad Ajaib & Zaheer-Ud-Din Khan
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
2313-206X
Description
 
,
1726
Title
Casearia Tomentosa: A Potential Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Source
Publication
J.Chem.Soc.Pak., Vol. 37, No. 04, pp 811-816, 2015
Author
Ajaib M. et al
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The fruit is a capsute containing several seeds - although the capsule of some species (and possibly also the seeds contained therein) is somewhat toxic, the fleshy aril surrounding the seeds is a different matter and in some species (see information below on edibility to see if this is one of them) is often eaten and is considered to be perfectly wholesome[
1438
Title
Food Plants in the Americas: A Survey of the Domesticated, Cultivated, and Wild Plants Used for Human Food in North,
Publication
 
Author
Kermath B.M.; Bennett B.C.' Pulsipher L.M.
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
 
Description
A pre-publication draft of an amazing, on-going work first started in 1985. It contains information on more than 3,900 taxa from the Americas - from Arctic regions to the Tropics
,
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Botanical References

287
Title
Flora of Pakistan
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.efloras.org
Publisher
 
Year
 
ISBN
 
Description
As of 2006, there is not much information on habitats available, but it is being developed and promises to be an excellent resource.

Range

E. Asia - India, Bangladesh, Myanmar

Habitat

Deciduous forests, open scrub jungles, and waste lands[
652
Title
The Silviculture of Indian Trees
Publication
 
Author
Troup. R.S.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Oxford, at the Clarendon Press
Year
1921
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent treatment.
]..

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitDeciduous Tree
Height8.00 m
Growth RateSlow
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


A very drought tolerant species[
652
Title
The Silviculture of Indian Trees
Publication
 
Author
Troup. R.S.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Oxford, at the Clarendon Press
Year
1921
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent treatment.
].
A fairly slow-growing species, especially when in a forest environment[
652
Title
The Silviculture of Indian Trees
Publication
 
Author
Troup. R.S.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Oxford, at the Clarendon Press
Year
1921
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent treatment.
].
The tree responds well to coppicing, the coppice shots growing fairly rapidly often reaching 1.5 metres in their first year[
652
Title
The Silviculture of Indian Trees
Publication
 
Author
Troup. R.S.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Oxford, at the Clarendon Press
Year
1921
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent treatment.
].
The tree is virtually immune to attacks from grazing animals[
652
Title
The Silviculture of Indian Trees
Publication
 
Author
Troup. R.S.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Oxford, at the Clarendon Press
Year
1921
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent treatment.
].

Edible Uses

The fruit is a capsule containing a number of seeds that are surrounded by a red, fleshy aril[
372
Title
Flowers of India
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.flowersofindia.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A wed site of native Indian plants, plus cultivated and naturalized species. It has good quality photos and terse details on more than 3,000 species and cultivars.
,
1715
Title
O GĂȘnero Casearia Jacq. No Brasil
Publication
Rev. Biol. Neotrop. 13(1): 69-249. 2016
Author
Marquete R. & Mansana V.F.
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
 
Description
 
]. We have no specific reports of edibility for this species, but the aril of several species in this genus are known to be edible and, unless it is very bitter, in an emergency the aril of this species is likely to supply a tiny bit of nutriment[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Medicinal

The bark is tonic. It is taken in the treatment of anaemia[
1727
Title
The genus Casearia: a phytochemical and pharmacological overview
Publication
Phytochem Rev (2015) 14: 99.
Author
Li Xia; Qiang Guo; Pengfei Tu & Xingyun Chai
Website
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11101-014-9336-6
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
1568-7767
Description
 
]
The juiced bark is applied externally in the treatment of dropsy, fever and snake bite[
1727
Title
The genus Casearia: a phytochemical and pharmacological overview
Publication
Phytochem Rev (2015) 14: 99.
Author
Li Xia; Qiang Guo; Pengfei Tu & Xingyun Chai
Website
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11101-014-9336-6
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
1568-7767
Description
 
]. It is applied topically to treat ringworm[
1726
Title
Casearia Tomentosa: A Potential Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Source
Publication
J.Chem.Soc.Pak., Vol. 37, No. 04, pp 811-816, 2015
Author
Ajaib M. et al
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
 
Description
 
]
The bitter-tasting bark is used medicinally and is used for adulterating 'Kamala' powder (Mallotus philippensis)[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
]

A decoction of the root bark is used as a treatment for diabetes[
1726
Title
Casearia Tomentosa: A Potential Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Source
Publication
J.Chem.Soc.Pak., Vol. 37, No. 04, pp 811-816, 2015
Author
Ajaib M. et al
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
 
Description
 
,
1727
Title
The genus Casearia: a phytochemical and pharmacological overview
Publication
Phytochem Rev (2015) 14: 99.
Author
Li Xia; Qiang Guo; Pengfei Tu & Xingyun Chai
Website
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11101-014-9336-6
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
1568-7767
Description
 
].

The pulp of the fruit is diuretic[
1726
Title
Casearia Tomentosa: A Potential Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Source
Publication
J.Chem.Soc.Pak., Vol. 37, No. 04, pp 811-816, 2015
Author
Ajaib M. et al
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
 
Description
 
,
1727
Title
The genus Casearia: a phytochemical and pharmacological overview
Publication
Phytochem Rev (2015) 14: 99.
Author
Li Xia; Qiang Guo; Pengfei Tu & Xingyun Chai
Website
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11101-014-9336-6
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
1568-7767
Description
 
].

The bitter-tasting leaves are anthelmintic[
1727
Title
The genus Casearia: a phytochemical and pharmacological overview
Publication
Phytochem Rev (2015) 14: 99.
Author
Li Xia; Qiang Guo; Pengfei Tu & Xingyun Chai
Website
https://doi.org/10.1007/s11101-014-9336-6
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
1568-7767
Description
 
].
They are used in baths (probably to ease rheumatic joints[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
]).

Various parts of the plant are used to treat sunstroke and diarrhoea[
1726
Title
Casearia Tomentosa: A Potential Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Source
Publication
J.Chem.Soc.Pak., Vol. 37, No. 04, pp 811-816, 2015
Author
Ajaib M. et al
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Various extracts of the leaves and the bark have displayed effective antimicrobial and antioxidant properties[
1726
Title
Casearia Tomentosa: A Potential Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Source
Publication
J.Chem.Soc.Pak., Vol. 37, No. 04, pp 811-816, 2015
Author
Ajaib M. et al
Publisher
 
Year
2015
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Other Uses

The yellowish-white wood is close-grained and moderately hard[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
].Rather brittle, it is only used for small woodwork. It is good for making combs and, if cut green so as to prevent discoloration, ought to be good for carving.[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
,
372
Title
Flowers of India
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.flowersofindia.net/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A wed site of native Indian plants, plus cultivated and naturalized species. It has good quality photos and terse details on more than 3,000 species and cultivars.
].
The wood is used for fuel[
1713
Title
Ethnobotanical Studies of Useful Trees of District Kotli, Azad Jammu and Kashmir
Publication
Biologia (Pakistan) 2014, 60 (1), 63-71
Author
Muhammad Ajaib & Zaheer-Ud-Din Khan
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
2313-206X
Description
 
].

Propagation

The seed of species in this genus often has a short period of viability and so is best sown as soon as it is ripe. The seed is collected when the fruits start to open - leave them in the sun to open completely to release the seed, then rinse the seed in water to remove the arils[
340
Title
Iracambi Medicinal Plants
Publication
 
Author
Gallia. E.
Website
http://www.iracambi.com/english/herbarium.shtml
Publisher
 
Year
2003
ISBN
 
Description
Basic iInformation on 14 plants of the Atlantic Rainforest in Brazil.
]. Sow the seed in a partially shaded position in a nursery seedbed, only just covering the seed, and keep moist. Germination rates vary, but can usually be expected to be low, with the seed sprouting within 20 - 30 days[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. When the seedlings are 3 - 5cm tall, pot them up into individual containers and they should be ready to plant out a few months later[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
Cuttings.
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-04-17. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Casearia+tomentosa>

Add a Comment:

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.