This species is closely related to Casearia rupestris[
There are still considerable differences in the concept of species delineation within this genus. We are following the treatment of Marquete R. & Mansano Vidal F., in O Gênero Casearia Jacq. No Brasil[
] for all the Brazilian species in this database[
Casearia camporum Sprague
Casearia fockeana Miq.
Casearia pubiflora Benth.
Casearia tarapotina Pilg.
Common Name: Espeto Branco
Casearia mariquitensis is an evergreen tree usually growing from 5 - 17 metres tall, though sometimes more shrub-like and around 3 metres tall[
The plant has potential for used as an antidote to snake venom[
The fruit is a capsute containing several seeds. Although the capsule of some species (and possibly also the seeds contained therein) is somewhat toxic, the fleshy aril surrounding the seeds is a different matter and in some species (see information below on edibility to see if this is one of them) is often eaten and is considered to be perfectly wholesome[
S. America - central and northern Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, the Guyanas; Caribbean - Trinidad and Tobago
]. Mixed dense ombrophilous forest and deciduous seasonal forest, also occurring in the region between wooded savannah and seasonal forest, at elevations up to 1,100 metres[
The globose fruit is a capsule around 17mm in diameter, enclosing a number of seeds surrounded by a yellowish, fleshy aril[
]. We have no specific reports of edibility for this species, but the aril of several species in this genus are known to be edible and, unless it is very bitter, in an emergency the aril of this species is likely to supply a tiny bit of nutriment[
An aqueous extract of the leaves has been shown to neutralize the hematological alterations induced by the crude venom of the south American Pit Viper (Bothrops neuwiedi pauloensis), though it did not neutralize the platelet decreasing ability of the venom[
]. The aqueous extract of the leaves completely inhibited the pulmonary hemorrhage induced by the venom with protection of a beta ﬁbrinogen chain[
The seed of species in this genus often has a short period of viability and so is best sown as soon as it is ripe. The seed is collected when the fruits start to open - leave them in the sun to open completely to release the seed, then rinse the seed in water to remove the arils[
]. Sow the seed in a partially shaded position in a nursery seedbed, only just covering the seed, and keep moist. Germination rates vary, but can usually be expected to be low, with the seed sprouting within 20 - 30 days[
]. When the seedlings are 3 - 5cm tall, pot them up into individual containers and they should be ready to plant out a few months later[
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