Anavinga ilicifolia (Sw.) Raf.
Samyda ilicifolia (Sw.) Poir.
Valentinia ilicifolia Sw.
Casearia ilicifolia is a shrub or a tree that can grow up to 6 metres tall.
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine.
Caribbean - Haiti, Dominican Republic
The fruit is a capsule containing a number of seeds that are surrounded by a fleshy aril[
]. We have no specific reports of edibility for this species, but the aril of several species in this genus are known to be edible and, unless it is very bitter, in an emergency the aril of this species is likely to supply a tiny bit of nutriment[
The leaves have been shown to have an antifertility effect[
]. They work principally as an emmenagogue, being used at higher doses to procure an abortion up to the third or fourth month[
The seed of species in this genus often has a short period of viability and so is best sown as soon as it is ripe. The seed is collected when the fruits start to open - leave them in the sun to open completely to release the seed, then rinse the seed in water to remove the arils[
]. Sow the seed in a partially shaded position in a nursery seedbed, only just covering the seed, and keep moist. Germination rates vary, but can usually be expected to be low, with the seed sprouting within 20 - 30 days[
]. When the seedlings are 3 - 5cm tall, pot them up into individual containers and they should be ready to plant out a few months later[
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