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Useful Tropical Plants

Caryocar costaricense

Donn.Sm.

Caryocaraceae


Closely related to Caryocar amygdaliferum, to such a degree that they may be forms of the same taxon[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

+ Synonyms

Common Name:

Caryocar costaricense
Looking up the trunk into the dense canopy
Photograph by: Reinaldo Aguilar
Creative Commons License
Caryocar costaricense Caryocar costaricense Caryocar costaricense Caryocar costaricense Caryocar costaricense Caryocar costaricense

General Information

Caryocar costaricense is a large tree growing up to 50 metres tall. The bole has buttresses up to 1.5 metres tall[
708
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 63
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden
Year
1976
ISBN
 
Description
Among many articles on botany, is part of the Flora of Panama. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for local use as a food and medicine, and the timber is also heavily exploited both locally and traded.
Levels of exploitation of the timber are reported to be high but there are differences in opinion as to whether timber trade is a serious threat to the species[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
]. Habitat loss has, however, been severe and as a result the tree has been listed as 'Vulnerable' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2009)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

708
Title
Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden Vol. 63
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden
Year
1976
ISBN
 
Description
Among many articles on botany, is part of the Flora of Panama. It can be downloaded from the internet.

Range

Central America - Costa Rica, Panama.

Habitat

Tropical, lowland, moist, non-seasonal, broadleaved, closed forest[
349
Title
Global Tree Campaign - 40 Species in Trade
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.unep-wcmc.org/trees/trade/40_species_in_trade.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on the habitats, uses and some cultivation notes for 40 species of timber trees.
]. Scattered populations are also found in lowland evergreen rainforest[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
,
349
Title
Global Tree Campaign - 40 Species in Trade
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.unep-wcmc.org/trees/trade/40_species_in_trade.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on the habitats, uses and some cultivation notes for 40 species of timber trees.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusVulnerable
Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitTree
Height40.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

A tree of moist lowland tropical areas.

Edible Uses

Fruit - cooked[
316
Title
Tropical Timbers of the World. Ag. Handbook No. 607.
Publication
 
Author
Chudnoff. Martin.
Publisher
USDA Forest Service. Wisconsin.
Year
1984
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details on the properties of the wood of almost 400 species of trees from the Tropics.
]. The fruit is a large drupe[
369
Title
Flora of Costa Rica
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C.
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History; Chicago
Year
1938
ISBN
 
Description
Rather dated, but an excellent treatment of the area. Available for download from the internet.
].

The seed is rich in an oil suitable for culinary purposes[
316
Title
Tropical Timbers of the World. Ag. Handbook No. 607.
Publication
 
Author
Chudnoff. Martin.
Publisher
USDA Forest Service. Wisconsin.
Year
1984
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details on the properties of the wood of almost 400 species of trees from the Tropics.
].

Medicinal

The bark has medicinal applications[
349
Title
Global Tree Campaign - 40 Species in Trade
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.unep-wcmc.org/trees/trade/40_species_in_trade.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on the habitats, uses and some cultivation notes for 40 species of timber trees.
].

Other Uses

The solid timber is used for constructing bridges, railroad ties etc[
349
Title
Global Tree Campaign - 40 Species in Trade
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.unep-wcmc.org/trees/trade/40_species_in_trade.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Information on the habitats, uses and some cultivation notes for 40 species of timber trees.
].
The heartwood is yellowish to light grayish-brown; it is hardly separable from the sapwood. The texture is medium to rather coarse; the grain interlocked; fresh material has a mild vinegary scent, but there is no discernible odour or taste when dry. The heartwood is rated as very durable in resistance to both brown-rot and white-rot fungi; classified as resistant to dry-wood termites and moderately resistant to marine borers. It is said to be easy to moderately difficult to saw, producing a rapid dulling of cutting edges; radial faces are difficult to finish smoothly because of interlocked grain. The wood is used for general and marine construction, heavy flooring, railway crossties, boat parts, furniture components; it is especially suitable where hardness and high wear resistance are needed[
316
Title
Tropical Timbers of the World. Ag. Handbook No. 607.
Publication
 
Author
Chudnoff. Martin.
Publisher
USDA Forest Service. Wisconsin.
Year
1984
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details on the properties of the wood of almost 400 species of trees from the Tropics.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-05-24. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Caryocar+costaricense>

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