Canavalia bouquete Montrouz.
Canavalia ensiformis turgida Baker
Canavalia ensiformis virosa (Roxb.) Baker
Canavalia glandifolia A. Gray ex Streets
Canavalia glandifolia Streets
Canavalia microcarpa (DC.) Piper
Canavalia obtusifolia Prain
Canavalia obtusifolia insularis Ridl.
Canavalia polystachya Schweinf.
Canavalia stocksii Dalzell & A.Gibson
Canavalia turgida A.Gray
Canavalia turgida Graham
Canavalia virosa (Roxb.) Wight & Arn.
Dolichos virosus Roxb.
Lablab microcarpus DC.
Phaseolus virosus (Roxb.) Bojer
Canavalia cathartica is a perennial, climbing plant producing herbaceous stems 3 - 10 metres long that scramble over the ground and twine into the surrounding vegetation[
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local use as a source of fibre. It is grown as a soil stabilizer on sandy soils and is also sometimes cultivated as an ornamental, valued especially for its showy flowers[
East Africa, through tropical Asia to New Guinea, tropical Australia and the Pacific.
Found mainly in coastal habitats, sometimes on beaches intermingled with Canavalia maritima, but more commonly behind the beach in coastal thickets and coconut groves. It is occasionally found inland at elevations up to 250 metres[
|Other Uses Rating
|Cultivated, Ornamental, Wild
The seed is not buoyant, but remains impermeable to water for at least 18 months[
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
The plant is used as a sand binder on beaches[
The broad, white fibres from the stem are used to make carrying nets[
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