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Useful Tropical Plants

Canavalia cathartica

Thouars

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Canavalia bouquete Montrouz.

Canavalia ensiformis turgida Baker

Canavalia ensiformis virosa (Roxb.) Baker

Canavalia glandifolia A. Gray ex Streets

Canavalia glandifolia Streets

Canavalia microcarpa (DC.) Piper

Canavalia obtusifolia Prain

Canavalia obtusifolia insularis Ridl.

Canavalia polystachya Schweinf.

Canavalia stocksii Dalzell & A.Gibson

Canavalia turgida A.Gray

Canavalia turgida Graham

Canavalia virosa (Roxb.) Wight & Arn.

Dolichos virosus Roxb.

Lablab microcarpus DC.

Phaseolus virosus (Roxb.) Bojer

Common Name:

Canavalia cathartica
Flowers
Photograph by: Forest and Kim Starr
Creative Commons License
Canavalia cathartica Canavalia cathartica Canavalia cathartica Canavalia cathartica Canavalia cathartica Canavalia cathartica Canavalia cathartica

General Information

Canavalia cathartica is a perennial, climbing plant producing herbaceous stems 3 - 10 metres long that scramble over the ground and twine into the surrounding vegetation[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local use as a source of fibre. It is grown as a soil stabilizer on sandy soils and is also sometimes cultivated as an ornamental, valued especially for its showy flowers[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

East Africa, through tropical Asia to New Guinea, tropical Australia and the Pacific.

Habitat

Found mainly in coastal habitats, sometimes on beaches intermingled with Canavalia maritima, but more commonly behind the beach in coastal thickets and coconut groves. It is occasionally found inland at elevations up to 250 metres[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitPerennial Climber
Height5.00 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Ornamental, Wild

Cultivation Details



The seed is not buoyant, but remains impermeable to water for at least 18 months[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
755
Title
Nodulation Plants in GRIN Taxonomy
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ars-grin.gov/~sbmljw/cgi-bin/taxnodul.pl?language=en
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database listing plants that have either positive or negative reports on root and stem nodulation with nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Agroforestry Uses:

The plant is used as a sand binder on beaches[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Other Uses

The broad, white fibres from the stem are used to make carrying nets[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-02-26. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Canavalia+cathartica>

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