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Useful Tropical Plants

Canarium paniculatum

(Lam.) Benth. ex Engl.

Burseraceae

+ Synonyms

Bursera paniculata Lam.

Common Name:

Canarium paniculatum
A tree in Curepipe, Mauritius - its age is unknown, but it is known to predate 1502
Photograph by: Abu Shawka
Creative Commons Zero, Public Domain Dedication

General Information

Canarium paniculatum is an evergreen tree growing from 15 - 25 metres tall[
534
Title
Flora of Mauritius
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://iels.intnet.mu/flora_mau.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Not a true flora, but a developing site that gives information on the different habitats on the island and the plants that inhabit them.
]. The bole can be up to 200cm in diameter[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for its timber and resin, which are used locally.
The tree is classified as 'Endangered' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2011)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Africa - Mauritius.

Habitat

Evergreen rainforests at an elevation of 600 - 700 metres[
534
Title
Flora of Mauritius
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://iels.intnet.mu/flora_mau.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Not a true flora, but a developing site that gives information on the different habitats on the island and the plants that inhabit them.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusEndangered
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height20.00 m
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

A plant of the wet tropics, it grows in areas with a mean annual rainfall of about 3,750 mm[
534
Title
Flora of Mauritius
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://iels.intnet.mu/flora_mau.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Not a true flora, but a developing site that gives information on the different habitats on the island and the plants that inhabit them.
].
The plant grows in the wild in soils that tend to be poor in nutrients and rocky[
534
Title
Flora of Mauritius
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://iels.intnet.mu/flora_mau.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Not a true flora, but a developing site that gives information on the different habitats on the island and the plants that inhabit them.
].
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

A leaf poultice and the resin are applied to body parts affected by rheumatism; the leaf poultice is also applied on ulcerations[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Extracts of the stem, wood and bark have shown antibacterial activity[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Other Uses

A light-coloured resin is obtained from the stem[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
,
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

A source of 'colophan' wood[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
]. The wood is used in construction[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Propagation

Seed - we have no specific information for this species but seeds of this genus generally have a hard seed coat and germinate erratically. Filing away some of the seed coat to allow moisture to enter more readily, without damaging the seed, will encourage a faster and more even germination[
658
Title
Food Plants of Papua New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
French. B.R.
Publisher
Author.
Year
2006
ISBN
 
Description
Published on-line in PDF format, this book contains information on several hundred New Guinea food plants.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-06-12. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Canarium+paniculatum>

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