Canariopsis aspera Miq.
Canariopsis denticulate Blume
Canariopsis villosa Miq.
Canarium agusanense Elmer
Canarium apoense Elmer
Canarium barnesii Merr.
Canarium calophyllum Perkins
Canarium clementis Merr.
Canarium cumingii Engl.
Canarium euphlebium Merr.
Canarium fulvum Lauterb.
Canarium heterophyllum Merr.
Canarium juglandiolium Perkins
Canarium koordersianum Engl. ex Hochr.
Canarium lagunense Merr.
Canarium legitimum Miq.
Canarium leytense Elmer
Canarium lucidum Perkins
Canarium luxurians Engl.
Canarium minutiflorum Engl.
Canarium molle Engl.
Canarium ogat Elmer
Canarium papuanum H.J.Lam
Canarium polyneurum Perkins
Canarium reticulatum Merr.
Canarium samarense Merr.
Canarium sanchezii Merr.
Canarium sibuyanense Elmer
Canarium solo Engl. ex Koord.
Canarium stachyanthum Perkins
Canarium subvelutinum Elmer
Canarium tamborae Lauterb.
Canarium thyrsoideum Perkins
Canarium treubianum Engl. ex Koord.
Canarium unifoliatum Merr.
Canarium urdanetense Elmer
Canarium valetonianum Engl. ex Hochr.
Canarium villosum Benth. & Hook.f.
Canarium wenzelii Merr.
Canarium zollingeri Engl.
Pimela legitima Blume
Pimela villosa Blume
Common Name: Damar Jahat
Trunk and leaves
Photograph by: R.Rahasia
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Canarium asperum is a mid-canopy tree that can grow from 8 - 37 metres tall. On rare occasions it grows more as a shrub. The bole is up to 80cm in diameter, very rarely with buttresses[
The latex (resin?) is harvested from wild trees and used locally[
]. This is one of several species that supplies 'kedondong' timber[
The tree is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2011)[
Southeast Asia - Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea to the Solomon Islands.
Undisturbed mixed dipterocarp forests at elevations up to 600 metres[
]. Usually on hillsides and ridges and quite often found near the coast on rocky to sandy soils[
]. In secondary forests usually present as a pre-disturbance remnant tree[
|Other Uses Rating
A very variable species, as can be seen from the wealth of synonyms[
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
A latex obtained from the tree is used to make candles and torches[
]. It is a resin[
]. It can also be used as a caulking material[
The wood is somewhat variable - usually moderately hard, it is sometimes very hard or can be rather soft. It is not very durable[
]. It is suitable as a general utility timber for planking, cladding, plywood, flooring, furniture, packing cases, pallets and general carpentry work.
The wood is used for fuel[
The wood is an important source of kedondong timber, used in house construction[
Kedondong timber is obtained from several Canarium species. Its general characteristics are as follows:-
The heartwood is generally a light brown; it is not sharply demarcated from the 3 - 5cm wide band of lighter-coloured sapwood. The texture is moderately fine and even; the grain is interlocked to wavy; the surface is lustrous. The wood is light in weight; moderately hard; not very durable, being susceptible to fungi, dry wood borers and termites. It seasons somewhat slowly with only a slight risk of checking and distortion; once dry it is moderately stable to stable in service. The wood has a fairly high blunting effect, stellite-tipped and tungsten carbide tools are recommended; it is moderately easy to slightly difficult to plane; finishes smooth to rough; can be easy to very difficult to bore; slightly difficult to difficult to turn; nailing and screwing properties are good; gluing is correct. The wood is suitable for internal use as a general utility timber for planking, cladding, plywood, flooring, furniture, packing cases, pallets and general carpentry work[
Seed - we have no specific information for this species but seeds of this genus generally have a hard seed coat and germinate erratically. Filing away some of the seed coat to allow moisture to enter more readily, without damaging the seed, will encourage a faster and more even germination[
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