Brownea antioquensis Linden
Brownea macbrideana Standl. ex J.F. Macbr.
Brownea macrophylla is an evergreen shrub or a tree with a dense, umbrella-like crown; it can grow 4 - 12 metres tall. The branches are somewhat weak and often lean on nearby trees. The short bole can be up to 35cm in diameter. Flowers are produced on the stems, at the base of the branches[
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of wood. It is often grown as an ornamental[
S. America - Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela; C. America - Panama.
An understorey tree in rainforests, often in areas subject to periodic inundation[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Pollinators||Hummingbirds, Bees, Butterflies, Insects
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
A plant of the moist tropics, it cannot tolerate frosts.
Prefers a position in partial shade[
]. Requires a moist soil, preferring a deep, rich, slightly acid soil[
A slow-growing tree[
Plants can commence flowering when 3 - 4 years old from seed.
The bark, roots and leaves, are used to cure diseases and the grain of the skin[
The heartwood is brown; the thick band of sapwood very light yellow. The wood is straight and coarse-grained; hard; moderately heavy; strong; very tough. It takes a fairly good polish. It is difficult to split and work on account of its long fibres, whicih impede the action of tools[
The trunk, which is seldom above 35cm in diameter, is usually hollow and inhabited by ants, so that although the wood is hard and strong, it is not generally used[
Seed - it has a hard seedcoat and benefits from scarification before sowing in order to speed up and improve germination[
]. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing[
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