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Useful Tropical Plants

Brachiaria comata

(Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Stapf

Poaceae


The genera Brachiaria and Urochloa are closely related, and the two are united by some authors. See Veldkamp, Taxon 45 (1986) 319. However, this unification is not accepted by all authors - see Flora of China Vol 22 pp520-523 2006. We are following the treatment in the Flora of China and the Kew 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families', and treating the two genera as distinct[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].
Brachiaria and Urochloa are distinguished mainly by habit, Urochloa having rather more flattened, cuspidate spikelets enclosing a pronounced mucro from the upper lemma. The different spikelet orientation is also characteristic, though not obvious when the spikelets are paired. In Urochloa the lower glume faces outward, whereas in Brachiaria it lies against the rachis[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
]..

+ Synonyms

Brachiaria epaleata Stapf

Brachiaria kotschyana (Hochst. ex Steud.) Stapf

Brachiaria secernenda (Hochst. ex Mez) Henrard

Panicum comatum Hochst. ex A.Rich.

Panicum indutum Steud.

Panicum kotschyanum Hochst. ex Steud.

Panicum secernendum Hochst. ex Mez

Panicum stuhlmannii K.Schum.

Panicum villosum erythraeum Chiov.

Urochloa comata (Hochst. ex A.Rich.) Sosef

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Brachiaria comata is a loosely tufted annual grass with weakly ascending culms; it can grow from 20 - 100cm tall[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local use as a food,

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Tropical Africa - Senegal to Eritrea, south to Cameroon, Congo, DR Congo and Tanzania; Arabian Peinula - Yemen

Habitat

Cultivated land and waste places[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
]. Deciduous bushland and in unsettled ground at elevations from 600 - 2,000 metres[
375
Title
Grassland Species - Profiles
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.fao.org/ag/AGP/AGPC/doc/Gbase/Default.htm
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse information on over 650 species of plants that grow in grassland, including trees, shrubs and perennial plants as well as grasses. Gives a brief description of the plant, its range and habitat and some of its uses.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
HabitAnnual
Height0.50 m
PollinatorsWind
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

Seed. Mainly treated as a famine food, harvested from the wild when better foods are not available[
332
Title
The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
Burkil. H. M.
Publisher
Royal Botanic Gardens; Kew.
Year
1985 - 2004
ISBN
 
Description
Brief descriptions and details of the uses of over 4,000 plants. A superb, if terse, resource, it is also available electronically on the Web - see http://www.aluka.org/
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-03-01. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Brachiaria+comata>

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