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Useful Tropical Plants

Boehmeria caudata

Sw.

Urticaceae

+ Synonyms

Boehmeria ampullacea Kunth

Boehmeria arborescens Gardner

Boehmeria arguta Mart. ex Miq.

Boehmeria flagelliformis Liebm.

Boehmeria guatemalensis Gand.

Boehmeria palmeri S.Watson

Boehmeria peruviana Blume

Boehmeria petiolaris Kunth

Boehmeria scabrella Blume

Boehmeria sordida Rusby

Boehmeria stipulata Glaz.

Boehmeria tenuistachys Rusby

Procris caudata Poir.

Ramium caudatum Kuntze

Common Name:

Boehmeria caudata
Leaves and flowers
Photograph by: Dick Culbert
Creative Commons Attribution 2.0
Boehmeria caudata Boehmeria caudata

General Information

Boehmeria caudata is a spreading shrub or small tree usually growing 2 - 6 metres tall, but sometimes reaching 9 metres[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
,
369
Title
Flora of Costa Rica
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C.
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History; Chicago
Year
1938
ISBN
 
Description
Rather dated, but an excellent treatment of the area. Available for download from the internet.
].
The plant is sometimes gathered from the wild for local use as a medicine and source of fibre[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
].
Boehmeria caudata has a very wide distribution, large population, is not currently experiencing any major threats and no significant future threats have been identified. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2019)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

Although members of the nettle family, plants in this genus do not have stinging hairs[
235
Title
An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada
Publication
 
Author
Britton. N. L. Brown. A.
Publisher
Dover Publications. New York.
Year
1970
ISBN
0-486-22642-5
Description
Reprint of a 1913 Flora, but still a very useful book.
].

Botanical References

331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
,
369
Title
Flora of Costa Rica
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C.
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History; Chicago
Year
1938
ISBN
 
Description
Rather dated, but an excellent treatment of the area. Available for download from the internet.
,
1105
Title
The New World Species of Boehmeria and Pouzolzia (Urticaceae, tribus Boehmerieae). A Taxonomic Revision
Publication
Opera Botanica 129 pp 1-103
Author
Wilmot-Dear C.M. & Friis I.
Publisher
 
Year
1996
ISBN
87-88702-37-5
Description
A comprehensive revision of the two genera.

Range

S. America - Argentina, Paraguay, southern Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Venezuela; C. America - Panama to Mexico; Caribbean - Jamaica

Habitat

Evergreen and mixed forests, usually along the sides of streams and moist ravines, usually at elevations from 500 - 1,500 metres, but sometimes descending to sea level and ascending to 2,550 metres[
369
Title
Flora of Costa Rica
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C.
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History; Chicago
Year
1938
ISBN
 
Description
Rather dated, but an excellent treatment of the area. Available for download from the internet.
,
1105
Title
The New World Species of Boehmeria and Pouzolzia (Urticaceae, tribus Boehmerieae). A Taxonomic Revision
Publication
Opera Botanica 129 pp 1-103
Author
Wilmot-Dear C.M. & Friis I.
Publisher
 
Year
1996
ISBN
87-88702-37-5
Description
A comprehensive revision of the two genera.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusLeast Concern
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitShrub
Height5.00 m
PollinatorsBees
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Boehmeria caudata is found in a range of climates and elevations in the tropics and subtropics of the Americas. Most commonly growing near rivers, it can be found from sea level to over 2,500 metres and, whilst most common in the moister regions, it is also found in drier forests[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].
Species in this genus generally succeed in a warm sandy soil[
1
Title
RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956
Publication
 
Author
F. Chittendon.
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Year
1951
ISBN
-
Description
Comprehensive listing of species and how to grow them. Somewhat outdated, it has been replaced in 1992 by a new dictionary (see [200]).
] that is very well-drained[
200
Title
The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992.
Publication
 
Author
Huxley. A.
Publisher
MacMillan Press
Year
1992
ISBN
0-333-47494-5
Description
Excellent and very comprehensive, though it contains a number of silly mistakes. Readable yet also very detailed.
]. The plant is said to avoid acid soils in the wild[
1105
Title
The New World Species of Boehmeria and Pouzolzia (Urticaceae, tribus Boehmerieae). A Taxonomic Revision
Publication
Opera Botanica 129 pp 1-103
Author
Wilmot-Dear C.M. & Friis I.
Publisher
 
Year
1996
ISBN
87-88702-37-5
Description
A comprehensive revision of the two genera.
].
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if fruit and seed are required[
369
Title
Flora of Costa Rica
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C.
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
Field Museum of Natural History; Chicago
Year
1938
ISBN
 
Description
Rather dated, but an excellent treatment of the area. Available for download from the internet.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The root is aperient, depurative and haemostatic[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
]. An infusion of the roots is taken to relieve urinary infections and induce abortion[
1877
Title
Anatomía foliar de Boehmeria caudata (Urticaceae) en la provincia de Tucumán, Argentina
Publication
Lilloa 48 (1): 53-59, 2011
Author
Fernandez R.D. et al
Publisher
 
Year
2011
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

The leaves are slightly aromatic, diuretic, and mucilaginous. They are applied externally to treat haemorrhoids, and are made into a lotion to treat eye problems[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
]

The flowers contain essential oils. A tincture made from them can be used as a substitute for that of Arnica[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
]. (The main use of Arnica tincture is as an external treatment for bruises and sprains[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].)

Agroforestry Uses:

Bees are strongly attracted to the flowers[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
].

Other Uses

A poor quality fibre is obtained from the stems[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
,
61
Title
A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man.
Publication
 
Author
Usher. G.
Publisher
Constable
Year
1974
ISBN
0094579202
Description
Forget the sexist title, this is one of the best books on the subject. Lists a very extensive range of useful plants from around the world with very brief details of the uses. Not for the casual reader.
].
The plant provides an abundant, silky and resistant textile fibre, worthy of study and most likely also suitable for industrial use[
461
Title
Diccionario das Plantas Uteis do Brasil
Publication
 
Author
Correa M.P.
Publisher
Imprensa Nacional; Rio de Janeiro
Year
1926
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work in 6 volumes giving details of the various uses of Brazilian plants.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-07-16. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Boehmeria+caudata>

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