Barringtonia brosimos Merr. & L.M.Perry
Barringtonia excelsa Guill.
Barringtonia oblongifolia R.Knuth
Common Name: Pao Nut
Barringtonia novae-hiberniae is an evergreen tree with a small crown; it can grow 6 - 8 metres tall. The bole can be 10 - 15cm in diameter[
The tree produces an edible seed that is very popular within its native range and is commonly harvested from the wild. It also has local medicinal uses and is a source of wood. The seeds are sold in local markets, and are considered to have a significant commercial potential to a wider market[
]. The tree is cultivated in home gardens and around villages, and is generally allowed to remain and is semi-cultivated when forest is cleared[
Australasia - New Guinea to the Bismarck Islands, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu.
Dense primary forest on rich alluvial soils; often near the coast but also inland to elevations of 600 metres[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Semi-cultivated, Wild
As pao nuts often do well and are most common on low off shore islands and coral waterfront villages, they may be particularly suited to coral and alkaline soils[
If trees are planted in suitable sites and well looked after, they can produce fruit in a year or two from seed[
The tree can flower and produce seeds all year round[
Several different races or types of pao nut have been selected by villagers and these trees seem to produce fruit that is similar to the seed that was planted[
Trees grown from cuttings have shorter trunks and form branches closer to the ground[
Seed - raw or roasted[
]. A flavour like raw peanuts[
]. It has a fairly hard texture[
]. The seed is about 3cm long and 1 - 2cm wide[
The bark is used in the treatment of stomach ailments and gonorrhoea[
The wood is light in weight. It is used for canoe paddles, casing, light construction[
The wood is used as a quick-burning firewood[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe.
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