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Useful Tropical Plants

Astrocaryum farinosum

Barb.Rodr.

Arecaceae

+ Synonyms

Common Name: Murumuru-iry

No Image.

General Information

Astrocaryum farinosum is a stemless to short-stemmed, evergreen palm forming a rosette of around 10 - 12 large, erect to arching, spiny leaves that can be up to 6 metres long including the petiole[
1872
Title
Sertum Palmarum Brasiliensium:ou Relation des palmiers nouveax du Brésil, découverts, décrits et dessinés d'après na
Publication
 
Author
Barbosa Rodrigues J.
Publisher
Bruxelles : Impr. typ. veuve Monnom
Year
1903
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work, written in Latin and French at the beginning of the 20th century, it gives a botanical description of the known palms of Brazil plus many excellent colour drawings of them.
].
The plant is commnly harvested from the wild for local use as a food and source of materials.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

1872
Title
Sertum Palmarum Brasiliensium:ou Relation des palmiers nouveax du Brésil, découverts, décrits et dessinés d'après na
Publication
 
Author
Barbosa Rodrigues J.
Publisher
Bruxelles : Impr. typ. veuve Monnom
Year
1903
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work, written in Latin and French at the beginning of the 20th century, it gives a botanical description of the known palms of Brazil plus many excellent colour drawings of them.
,
1874
Title
Astrocaryum (Palmae) in Amazonia. A Preliminary Treatment
Publication
Bull. Inst. Fr. Études Andines 1992, 21 (2): 459-531
Author
Kahn F. & Millán B.
Publisher
 
Year
1992
ISBN
 
Description
 

Range

Northern S. America - northern Brazil, Guyana, Surinam

Habitat

An understorey plant in undisturbed rainforest that is not usually subject to inundation; usually in mountainous regions[
1869
Title
The genus Astrocaryum (Arecaceae)
Publication
Rev. peru. biol. 15(supl. 1): 031- 048 (Noviembre 2008)
Author
Kahn F.
Publisher
 
Year
2008
ISBN
1727-9933
Description
 
,
1872
Title
Sertum Palmarum Brasiliensium:ou Relation des palmiers nouveax du Brésil, découverts, décrits et dessinés d'après na
Publication
 
Author
Barbosa Rodrigues J.
Publisher
Bruxelles : Impr. typ. veuve Monnom
Year
1903
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work, written in Latin and French at the beginning of the 20th century, it gives a botanical description of the known palms of Brazil plus many excellent colour drawings of them.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Shrub
Height5.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

The flesh of the fruit is dry and farinose. It is used locally to make a flour[
1869
Title
The genus Astrocaryum (Arecaceae)
Publication
Rev. peru. biol. 15(supl. 1): 031- 048 (Noviembre 2008)
Author
Kahn F.
Publisher
 
Year
2008
ISBN
1727-9933
Description
 
,
1872
Title
Sertum Palmarum Brasiliensium:ou Relation des palmiers nouveax du Brésil, découverts, décrits et dessinés d'après na
Publication
 
Author
Barbosa Rodrigues J.
Publisher
Bruxelles : Impr. typ. veuve Monnom
Year
1903
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work, written in Latin and French at the beginning of the 20th century, it gives a botanical description of the known palms of Brazil plus many excellent colour drawings of them.
]. The brown fruit is around 55mm long and 43mm wide with a yellowish, mealy mesocarp surrounding a single large seed[
1874
Title
Astrocaryum (Palmae) in Amazonia. A Preliminary Treatment
Publication
Bull. Inst. Fr. Études Andines 1992, 21 (2): 459-531
Author
Kahn F. & Millán B.
Publisher
 
Year
1992
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

The seed is used to provide a starch[
1869
Title
The genus Astrocaryum (Arecaceae)
Publication
Rev. peru. biol. 15(supl. 1): 031- 048 (Noviembre 2008)
Author
Kahn F.
Publisher
 
Year
2008
ISBN
1727-9933
Description
 
,
1873
Title
Sertum Palmarum Brasiliensium:ou Relation des palmiers nouveax du Brésil, découverts, décrits et dessinés d'après na
Publication
 
Author
Barbosa Rodrigues J.
Publisher
Bruxelles : Impr. typ. veuve Monnom
Year
1903
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work, written in Latin and French at the beginning of the 20th century, it gives a botanical description of the known palms of Brazil plus many excellent colour drawings of them.
].
The liquid endosperm of the unripe fruits is probably drunk[
1869
Title
The genus Astrocaryum (Arecaceae)
Publication
Rev. peru. biol. 15(supl. 1): 031- 048 (Noviembre 2008)
Author
Kahn F.
Publisher
 
Year
2008
ISBN
1727-9933
Description
 
].

We have no specific information for this species, but the fruits and seeds of various species are reported to be used for oil production in the Amazon region. Existing analyses of fruit fat content show a relatively homogeneous composition among species, with around 20% of fat content in the mesocarp, mostly composed of oleic and palmitic acids, and 20-35% of fat content in the endosperm, with a predominance of lauric acid[
1869
Title
The genus Astrocaryum (Arecaceae)
Publication
Rev. peru. biol. 15(supl. 1): 031- 048 (Noviembre 2008)
Author
Kahn F.
Publisher
 
Year
2008
ISBN
1727-9933
Description
 
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The fibres obtained from the young leaves are used for making hats, mats and for basketry[
1869
Title
The genus Astrocaryum (Arecaceae)
Publication
Rev. peru. biol. 15(supl. 1): 031- 048 (Noviembre 2008)
Author
Kahn F.
Publisher
 
Year
2008
ISBN
1727-9933
Description
 
,
1872
Title
Sertum Palmarum Brasiliensium:ou Relation des palmiers nouveax du Brésil, découverts, décrits et dessinés d'après na
Publication
 
Author
Barbosa Rodrigues J.
Publisher
Bruxelles : Impr. typ. veuve Monnom
Year
1903
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work, written in Latin and French at the beginning of the 20th century, it gives a botanical description of the known palms of Brazil plus many excellent colour drawings of them.
].

The large leaves are used for thatching[
1869
Title
The genus Astrocaryum (Arecaceae)
Publication
Rev. peru. biol. 15(supl. 1): 031- 048 (Noviembre 2008)
Author
Kahn F.
Publisher
 
Year
2008
ISBN
1727-9933
Description
 
,
1872
Title
Sertum Palmarum Brasiliensium:ou Relation des palmiers nouveax du Brésil, découverts, décrits et dessinés d'après na
Publication
 
Author
Barbosa Rodrigues J.
Publisher
Bruxelles : Impr. typ. veuve Monnom
Year
1903
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work, written in Latin and French at the beginning of the 20th century, it gives a botanical description of the known palms of Brazil plus many excellent colour drawings of them.
].

The hard endocarp of various Amazonian species is commonly used to make beads and ornaments for necklaces[
1869
Title
The genus Astrocaryum (Arecaceae)
Publication
Rev. peru. biol. 15(supl. 1): 031- 048 (Noviembre 2008)
Author
Kahn F.
Publisher
 
Year
2008
ISBN
1727-9933
Description
 
]

The wood is black and very hard[
1872
Title
Sertum Palmarum Brasiliensium:ou Relation des palmiers nouveax du Brésil, découverts, décrits et dessinés d'après na
Publication
 
Author
Barbosa Rodrigues J.
Publisher
Bruxelles : Impr. typ. veuve Monnom
Year
1903
ISBN
 
Description
A massive work, written in Latin and French at the beginning of the 20th century, it gives a botanical description of the known palms of Brazil plus many excellent colour drawings of them.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-07-14. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Astrocaryum+farinosum>

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