Aspidosperma illustre is a semideciduous tree with a narrow, pyramidal crown; it can grow 10 - 40 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole is slender, around 20 - 30cm in diameter[
The tree is harvested from the wild for its wood.
The freshly cut wood and sap of Aspidosperma species causes irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat, with general malaise[
The sawdust, on contact with abraded skin, produces local burning and a vesicular eruption with general symptoms of muscular weakness and cramps, sweating, dryness of the mouth, and faintness[
Once the wood is thoroughly dry it loses its toxicity unless polishes or dyes in organic solvents are used on it[
S. America - eastern Brazil.
A canopy tree in primary formations of the Atlantic rainforest on tablelands and also near the coast[
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Although tolerant of sunny positions, especially as it grows older, it grows best where the young plants have reasonable levels of shade and can grow up towards the light[
The tree grows well in open areas and can be used in the early stages of reforestation projects, especially for restoring native woodland[
The wood is very fine-textured, grain slightly slanting, heavy, durable and very resistant to wood eating organisms. It is difficult to cut but is used for interior trim in general construction, and also for doors, window frames, parquet flooring turnery, tool handles etc[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a partially shaded position in a nursery seedbed or in individual containers. A high germination rate can be expected, with the seed sprouting within a few days[
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