Artocarpus maingayi (treated here as distinct), is closely related to this species and has been included here as a synonym of it by some authors[
Artocarpus brunneifolia S.Moore
Leaf and a male inflorescence
Photograph by: loupok
Artocarpus kemando is a large, evergreen tree that can grow up to 40 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole can be up to 80cm in diameter with spreading buttresses up to 250cm high[
The tree is harvested from the wild for its edible fruit and latex, which are consumed locally[
]. The wood is also harvested - a source of 'terap' timber, it is used locally and also traded.
The latex can cause stomach aches if too much is eaten[
Southeast Asia - Malaysia, Indonesia.
Swampy lowland forest[
]. Evergreen forests, often on swampy ground, usually at elevations up to 150 metres, but occasionally to 450 metres[
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In general, species in this genus prefer a deep, well-drained soil; young plants need some shade, but need increasing light levels as they mature[
Fruit - raw[
]. A mild-flavoured pulp[
]. The green fruit is about 25 - 40mm in diameter[
The latex obtained from the plant has the taste of coconut milk[
]. It is used in sauces, but too much is known to cause stomach upsets[
We have no specific information for this species, but it belongs to a group of species whose timber is known as 'terap'[
]. The general description of terap timber is as follows:-
The heartwood is yellow to pale brown; it is usually not differentiated from the sapwood. The texture is moderately coarse to coarse and even; the grain is interlocked. The wood is non-durable under tropical conditions. It seasons fairly slowly, with high shrinkage and slight bowing, cupping and checking. It is generally easy to work; saws well; planes easily but leaves a rough finish on radial surfaces; bores and turns easily, but leaves a rough finish;nailing property is good; can be peeled satisfactorily and is suitable for plywood production. Locally, the wood is used for light construction, for making boxes, crates, wooden pallets and veneer. The wood is sometimes nicely figured and therefore is suitable for decorative purposes like furniture, joinery and panelling[
Seed - best extracted from ripe fruits and sown immediately as they cannot withstand desiccation and lose viability within a few week[
]. There is no period of dormancy, the seed usually germinating immediately[
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