Artocarpus chaplasha Roxb.
Artocarpus melinoxylus Gagnep.
Ficus chrysophthalma (Miq.) Miq.
Urostigma chrysopthalmum Miq.
Common Name: Chaplasp
Chaplash is a deciduous tree with a large, spreading crown; it can grow 30 - 40 metres tall. The large, straight bole can be free of branches for 15 - 18 metres and 100 - 160cm in diameter[
The tree is harvested from the wild for its edible fruit and timber. An important timber tree, it is often planted[
E. Asia - southwest China, Bangladesh, Bhutan, northeast India, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Malaysia.
A canopy tree of evergreen, semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests, usually found in rich soils[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
A plant of the moist to wet tropics where there is a distinct dry season, it is found at elevations up to 1,650 metres. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 22 - 32°c, but can tolerate 10 - 40°c[
]. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 3,000 - 4,000mm, but tolerates 2,000 - 5,500mm[
Mature trees grow best in full sun or light shade, though younger trees require some shade[
]. Grows best in a fertile, medium to heavy, well-drained soil[
]. Prefers a pH in the range 5 - 6.5, tolerating 4 - 7.5[
Wood production may be 15 - 40 cubic metres per hectare per year[
]. The subglobose fruit can be 6 - 10cm in diameter[
The plant yields a tenacious, milky latex[
The yellowish or brownish wood is light in weight, fairly hard, easily worked[
]. A good quality wood[
], it is used to manufacture carriage wheels, tea boxes, packing cases etc. It is also used in construction, joinery, turnery, sculpture. When making furniture, it can give better results than Teak[
The plant is a source of terap timber. The general description of terap is as follows:-
The heartwood is yellow to pale brown; it is usually not differentiated from the sapwood. The texture is moderately coarse to coarse and even; the grain is interlocked. The wood is non-durable under tropical conditions. It seasons fairly slowly, with high shrinkage and slight bowing, cupping and checking. It is generally easy to work; saws well; planes easily but leaves a rough finish on radial surfaces; bores and turns easily, but leaves a rough finish;nailing property is good; can be peeled satisfactorily and is suitable for plywood production. Locally, the wood is used for light construction, for making boxes, crates, wooden pallets and veneer. The wood is sometimes nicely figured and therefore is suitable for decorative purposes like furniture, joinery and panelling[
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