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Useful Tropical Plants

Artocarpus chama

Buch.-Ham.

Moraceae

+ Synonyms

Artocarpus chaplasha Roxb.

Artocarpus melinoxylus Gagnep.

Ficus chrysophthalma (Miq.) Miq.

Urostigma chrysopthalmum Miq.

Common Name: Chaplasp

Artocarpus chama
Drawing of the leaves, flowers, fruit and seed
Photograph by: Wight, R., Icones Plantarum Indiae Orientalis, vol. 2(2): t. 682 (1846) [n.a.]
Creative Commons License

General Information

Chaplash is a deciduous tree with a large, spreading crown; it can grow 30 - 40 metres tall. The large, straight bole can be free of branches for 15 - 18 metres and 100 - 160cm in diameter[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for its edible fruit and timber. An important timber tree, it is often planted[
525
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum. Vol. 40
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University; Boston, Mass.
Year
1959
ISBN
 
Description
Contains a treatment of the genus Artocarpus, section Artocarpus. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
,
525
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum. Vol. 40
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University; Boston, Mass.
Year
1959
ISBN
 
Description
Contains a treatment of the genus Artocarpus, section Artocarpus. It can be downloaded from the Internet.

Range

E. Asia - southwest China, Bangladesh, Bhutan, northeast India, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Malaysia.

Habitat

A canopy tree of evergreen, semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests, usually found in rich soils[
525
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum. Vol. 40
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University; Boston, Mass.
Year
1959
ISBN
 
Description
Contains a treatment of the genus Artocarpus, section Artocarpus. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitDeciduous Tree
Height35.00 m
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details

A plant of the moist to wet tropics where there is a distinct dry season, it is found at elevations up to 1,650 metres. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 22 - 32°c, but can tolerate 10 - 40°c[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 3,000 - 4,000mm, but tolerates 2,000 - 5,500mm[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].
Mature trees grow best in full sun or light shade, though younger trees require some shade[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. Grows best in a fertile, medium to heavy, well-drained soil[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. Prefers a pH in the range 5 - 6.5, tolerating 4 - 7.5[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].
Wood production may be 15 - 40 cubic metres per hectare per year[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].

Edible Uses

Fruit[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. The subglobose fruit can be 6 - 10cm in diameter[
525
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum. Vol. 40
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University; Boston, Mass.
Year
1959
ISBN
 
Description
Contains a treatment of the genus Artocarpus, section Artocarpus. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The plant yields a tenacious, milky latex[
387
Title
Economic Products of India. Volume 1.
Publication
 
Author
Watt. G.
Publisher
Government of India: Calcutta.
Year
1883
ISBN
 
Description
Although over 100 years old, it still contains a wealth of information on useful plants. Many of the botanical names have been changed since then, so you have to check for up to date names. The book can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

The yellowish or brownish wood is light in weight, fairly hard, easily worked[
549
Title
Flore Forestiere Du Globe
Publication
 
Author
Chnacerel L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Gauthier-Villars et Co.; Paris.
Year
1920
ISBN
 
Description
Written in French, a very detailed work on the timbers of the world. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. A good quality wood[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
], it is used to manufacture carriage wheels, tea boxes, packing cases etc. It is also used in construction, joinery, turnery, sculpture. When making furniture, it can give better results than Teak[
549
Title
Flore Forestiere Du Globe
Publication
 
Author
Chnacerel L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Gauthier-Villars et Co.; Paris.
Year
1920
ISBN
 
Description
Written in French, a very detailed work on the timbers of the world. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The plant is a source of terap timber. The general description of terap is as follows:-
The heartwood is yellow to pale brown; it is usually not differentiated from the sapwood. The texture is moderately coarse to coarse and even; the grain is interlocked. The wood is non-durable under tropical conditions. It seasons fairly slowly, with high shrinkage and slight bowing, cupping and checking. It is generally easy to work; saws well; planes easily but leaves a rough finish on radial surfaces; bores and turns easily, but leaves a rough finish;nailing property is good; can be peeled satisfactorily and is suitable for plywood production. Locally, the wood is used for light construction, for making boxes, crates, wooden pallets and veneer. The wood is sometimes nicely figured and therefore is suitable for decorative purposes like furniture, joinery and panelling[
956
Title
Timber Notes - Light Hardwoods VII (Sentang, Sepetir, Sesendok, Terap, Terentang)
Publication
Timber Technology Bulletin No. 17
Author
Gan K. S.; Choo K. T.; Lim S. C.
Website
https://info.frim.gov.my/infocenter/booksonline/ttb/TTBno17.pdf
Publisher
Timber Technology Centre, FRIM; Kuala Lumpur.
Year
1999
ISBN
139-258
Description
An excellent series of leaflets, this one gives information on the wood of several species of light hardwoods. It can be downloaded as a PDF document from the Internet.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-07-16. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Artocarpus+chama>

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