Cylindrokelupha havilandii (Ridl.) Kosterm.
Ortholobium havilandii (Ridl.) Kosterm.
Pithecellobium havilandii Ridl.
Archidendron havilandii can vary in size from a small shrubby tree to a large tree up to 40 metres tall. The bole, in larger specimens, can be unbranched for up to 15 metres and up to 75cm in diameter[
The tree is often harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and timber.
Although we have no specific information for this species, the seeds of several other members of this genus contain the amino acid derivative djenkolic acid. Ingestion of seed containing this substance can cause the formation of sharp needle-like crystals of djenkolic acid in the kidney or urinary tract. In severe cases, crystals of djenkolic acid have been found in urine. Indeed, people who are suffering from djenkolism show similar symptoms to those suffering from kidney or urinary stones, a condition for which it has been frequently mistaken[
Southeast Asia - Malaysia, Indonesia.
A sub-canopy tree in primary and secondary lowland rain forest; lower montane forest; riverine forest; regrowth; found on flat or sloping terrain, growing on sandstone and soils recorded as black or brown; from sea level to 1,550 metres[
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A plant of the moist tropics where it can be found at elevations up to 1,550 metres.
Plants can flower throughout the year[
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
Seeds - cooked[
Some caution should be employed here, some other members of the genus (see A. Jiringa for example) contain djenkolic acid, an amino acid derivative that can cause similar symptoms to kidney stones. It is recommended, for that species, that the seed be boiled in three changes of water to ensure they are safe to eat[
The seeds are crushed and steeped in coconut-oil. This is then used as a treatment against mosquito and snake bites[
The heartwood is bright yellow, the sapwood white[
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