Araucaria cookii R.Br. ex Endl.
Araucaria excelsa (Lamb.) R.Br.
Araucaria intermedia R.Br. ex Vieill.
Araucaria lavoixii Silba
Araucaria neocaledonica Linden ex Regel
Columbea excelsa (Lamb.) Spreng.
Cupressus columnaris G.Forst.
Dombeya excelsa Lamb.
Eutacta cookii Carrière
Eutacta excelsa (Lamb.) Link
Eutacta humilis Carrière
Eutacta minor Carrière
Eutassa columnaris (G.Forst.) de Laub.
Common Name: New Caledonia Pine
Araucaria columnaris is a large evergreen tree with a narrowly conical crown; growing up to 65 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole is free of branches for much of its length. A cultivated tree in Hawaii was nearly 50 metres tall, with a bole 120cm in diameter[
The tree is exploited locally for its timber[
This species is not considered to be threatened due to its wide distribution and the vigorous regeneration in most populations. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
Pacific - New Caledonia, New Hebrides.
Often found on coral, this is also the only New Caledonian species of Araucaria to occur on calcareous substrate although it is not restricted to these substrates[
|Conservation Status||Least Concern
|Other Uses Rating||
No mention of edibility has been seen for this species, though many, if not all, of the species in this genus are likely to have edible seeds[
]. The seeds of this species are 30 - 35mm long in a cone 10 - 15cm long and 7 - 11cm wide[
One study has looked at the use of the plant as an indicator of lead for environmental monitoring[
The light coloured wood is fine grained, keeps well under water, but is attacked by borers[
]. It is used locally for general carpentry[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe[
]. The seed usually germinates in 1 - 2 months at 15°c[
]. The plants have a rather sparse root system and are best placed in their final positions as soon as possible.
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