Andira galeottiana is an evergreen tree growing 30 metres or more tall.
The bark is sometimes gathered from the wild for local medicinal use. The tree is used to provide shade in coffee plantations.
The tree is classified as 'Vulnerable' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2011)[
We have no specific information for this species, but the following notes (from the Brazilian members of this genus) are very likely to also apply here:-
The smoke from the wood is said to be toxic and to cause blindness if it gets in the eyes[
The bark and leaves are used medicinally as drastic purgatives, but if the dose used is too large they can cause death[
C. America - southern Mexico.
A canopy tree in remnant rainforest[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
The bark is an effective vermifuge[
]. It is also narcotic and emetic[
The active anthelmintic principle in the plant is the non-proteinogenic amino acid N-methyltyrosine (andirine)[
The tree is grown to provide shade in coffee plantations[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe, placing the large seeds in a partially shaded position in individual containers.
Like many species within the family Fabaceae, once they have been dried for storage the seeds of this species may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to speed up germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing[
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