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Useful Tropical Plants

Alysicarpus monilifer

(L.) DC.

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Alysicarpus narimanii S.M.Almeida & M.R.Almeida

Hedysarum moniliferum L.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Alysicarpus monilifer is a low-growing, much-branched, annual to perennial plant growing 5 - 50cm tall[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. A prostrate to decumbent plant, the stems usually become woody at the base and are12 - 60cm long[
1312
Title
GC-MS analysis of ethyl acetate extract of Alysicarpus Monilifer -Whole plant
Publication
Der Pharmacia Lettre, 2016, 8 (13):106-114
Author
Karthikeyan K. & Dhanapal C.K.
Website
http://www.scholarsresearchlibrary.com
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
0975-5071
Description
 
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

500
Title
Flora of Somalia
Publication
 
Author
Thulin M. (Editor)
Publisher
Kew Publishing, London.
Year
1993
ISBN
 
Description
Detailed information on the plants of the region, often adding notes on the plants uses.

Range

Africa - Niger, Sudan, Ethiopia; E. Asia - Pakistan, India, Myanmar

Habitat

Humid sands; grassland; also as a weed; roadsides; bushlands; at elevations up to around 1,000 metres[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitAnnual/Perennial
Height0.30 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Alysicarcup monilifer is a plant of the arid to moist tropical zone, where it is found at elevations up to 1,000 metres. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 17 - 28°c, but can tolerate 12 - 34°c[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. The plant is not tolerant of frost. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 400 - 1,000mm, but tolerates 200 - 1,500mm[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. Perennial forms of this plant from India are found in areas with 600 - 1,500mm annual rainfall, whilst annual types from Sudan are found in areas with 200 - 400mm, and a short growing season of less than 3 months[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].
Prefers a sunny position, tolerating some shade[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. The plant grows on a wide range of soil types from deep sands and stony soils to cracking clays[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. Tolerates soils of low fertility[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. Succeeds in dry doild and also in soils that are seasonally inundated[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. Prefers a pH in the range 6 - 7.5, tolerating 5.5 - 8[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].
This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The plant is used traditionally as an anti-inflammatory and also in the treatment of stomach ache[
1312
Title
GC-MS analysis of ethyl acetate extract of Alysicarpus Monilifer -Whole plant
Publication
Der Pharmacia Lettre, 2016, 8 (13):106-114
Author
Karthikeyan K. & Dhanapal C.K.
Website
http://www.scholarsresearchlibrary.com
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
0975-5071
Description
 
].
The plant is an antidote to snake bite, and is also used as a diuretic and in the treatment of skin diseases and as a diuretic[
1312
Title
GC-MS analysis of ethyl acetate extract of Alysicarpus Monilifer -Whole plant
Publication
Der Pharmacia Lettre, 2016, 8 (13):106-114
Author
Karthikeyan K. & Dhanapal C.K.
Website
http://www.scholarsresearchlibrary.com
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
0975-5071
Description
 
].

The leaves are used in the treatment of fevers and jaundice[
1312
Title
GC-MS analysis of ethyl acetate extract of Alysicarpus Monilifer -Whole plant
Publication
Der Pharmacia Lettre, 2016, 8 (13):106-114
Author
Karthikeyan K. & Dhanapal C.K.
Website
http://www.scholarsresearchlibrary.com
Publisher
 
Year
2016
ISBN
0975-5071
Description
 
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Like many species within the family Fabaceae, once they have been dried for storage the seeds of this species may benefit from scarification before sowing in order to speed up and improve germination. This can usually be done by pouring a small amount of nearly boiling water on the seeds (being careful not to cook them!) and then soaking them for 12 - 24 hours in warm water. By this time they should have imbibed moisture and swollen - if they have not, then carefully make a nick in the seedcoat (being careful not to damage the embryo) and soak for a further 12 hours before sowing[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-07-13. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Alysicarpus+monilifer>

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