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Useful Tropical Plants

Aganope thyrsiflora

(Benth.) Polhill

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Aganope floribunda Miq.

Aganope macrophylla Miq.

Aganope subavenis Miq.

Deguelia eualata (Bedd.) Taub.

Deguelia thyrsiflora (Benth.) Taub.

Derris eualata Bedd.

Derris latifolia Prain

Derris platyptera Baker

Derris pyrrothyrsa Miq.

Derris thyrisoflora (Benth.) Benth.

Derris thyrsiflora (Benth.) Benth.

Derris wallichii Prain

Millettia thyrsiflora Benth.

Pterocarpus thyrsiflorus (Benth.) Kuntze

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Aganope thyrsiflora is a climbing shrub with twining, woody stems[
1414
Title
The Genera Aganope, Derris, and Paraderris (Fabaceae, Millettieae) in Thailand
Publication
Systematic Botany (2012) 37(2) pp 404-436
Author
Sirichamorn Y.; Adema F.A.C.B.; & van Welzen P.C.
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The plant contains the insecticide rotenone, though in lower concentrations than several other species and so probably only suitable for local use as an insecticide.

Known Hazards

The plant contains rotenone and has been used traditionally as a fish poison - the rotenone kills or stuns the fish making them easy to catch, but the fish remain perfectly edible for mammals. Rotenone is classified by the World Health Organization as moderately hazardous. It is mildly toxic to humans and other mammals, but extremely toxic to many insects (hence its use as an insecticide) and aquatic life, including fish. This higher toxicity in fish and insects is because the lipophilic rotenone is easily taken up through the gills or trachea, but not as easily through the skin or the gastrointestinal tract. The lowest lethal dose for a child is 143 mg/kg, but human deaths from rotenone poisoning are rare because its irritating action causes vomiting. Deliberate ingestion of rotenone, however, can be fatal.
The compound decomposes when exposed to sunlight and usually has an activity of six days in the environment.

Botanical References

1414
Title
The Genera Aganope, Derris, and Paraderris (Fabaceae, Millettieae) in Thailand
Publication
Systematic Botany (2012) 37(2) pp 404-436
Author
Sirichamorn Y.; Adema F.A.C.B.; & van Welzen P.C.
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
 
Description
 

Range

E. Asia - India, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines

Habitat

Dry evergreen forest, mixed dipterocarp forest, secondary forest, usually along the sides of roads, in open and highly disturbed areas, logged-over areas, and Hevea rubber plantations; at elevations up to 100 metres[
1414
Title
The Genera Aganope, Derris, and Paraderris (Fabaceae, Millettieae) in Thailand
Publication
Systematic Botany (2012) 37(2) pp 404-436
Author
Sirichamorn Y.; Adema F.A.C.B.; & van Welzen P.C.
Publisher
 
Year
2012
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitClimber
Height0.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The plant contains rotenone, which is widely used as an insecticide[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
,
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
]. Rotenone is effective against a range of horticultural pests, such as aphids and caterpillars, and also against external body parasites like ticks, lice, fleas and flies. It is reported to be ineffective against bedbugs, cockroaches, scale insects and red spiders.[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. The rotenone can be found in various parts of the plant, but is generally most abundant in the bark, especially of the roots. The bark can be dried and powdered for use as an insecticidal dust[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2024-06-23. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Aganope+thyrsiflora>

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