Some modern treatments, including the African Plant Database[
], treat this plant as Adiantum philippense (treated here as a synonym)[
Adiantum arcuatum Sw.
Adiantum lunatum Cav.
Adiantum philippense L.
Pteris lunulata (Burm.f.) Retz.
Adiantum lunulatum is an evergreen, perennial fern producing fronds up to 40cm tall from a shortly-creeping rhizome. The fronds are arching to semi-prostrate, forming roots at their apex from which a new plant develops[
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local medicinal use. It is also grown as an ornamental in gardens.
Although we have found no reports of toxicity for this species, a number of ferns contain carcinogens so some caution is advisable[
Many ferns also contain thiaminase, an enzyme that robs the body of its vitamin B complex. In small quantities this enzyme will do no harm to people eating an adequate diet that is rich in vitamin B, though large quantities can cause severe health problems. The enzyme is destroyed by heat or thorough drying, so cooking the plant will remove the thiaminase[
Widely distributed in the tropics through Africa, Asia, Australia, Central America and northern S. America.
Shady hill forests in India[
]. In forests, thickets, or wooded ravines, most commonly in rocky soil, on banks of streams and rivers, at elevations from 200 - 1,500 metres in Guatemala[
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
The plant is considered to be a bronchio-dilator, diuretic and pectoral[
]. It is used extensively in Indian for the treatment of fevers in children[
]. It is one of the constituents of 'Hansraj', a preparation esteemed in India for the treatment of coughs[
The rootstock is considered good for treating fever and elephantiasis[
]. A decoction of the root is used in the treatment of throat affections[
Division of new plants formed at the apex of the fronds[
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