Adenosma bilabiata (Roxb.) Merr.
Adenosma buchneroides Bonati
Adenosma capitata (Benth.) Benth. ex Hance
Erinus bilabiatus Roxb.
Manulea indiana Lour.
Pterostigma capitatum Benth.
Pterostigma spicatum Benth.
Stoechadomentha capitata Kuntze
Adenosma indiana is an erect, branched annual plant usually growing 20 - 60cm tall, occasionally reaching 100cm or more[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine.
E. Asia - India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, southern China, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines
Barren lands, dry mountain sides, along streams, field edges; at low elevations[
The aerial parts of the plant are antibacterial, cholagogue, diaphoretic, diuretic, stomachic and tonic. A decoction or a syrup is useful for the treatment of jaundice in viral hepatitis, oliguria, biliuria, fever, ophthalmalgia, vertigo and dyspepsia in parturients[
]. It is recommended as an aperient and tonic for women after giving birth[
The whole plant is collected in summer during its flowering period. It is carefully washed then subjected to thorough air-drying[
The plant contains triterpenoid saponins, phenolic acids, coumarins and flavonoids. The volatile oil from the plant consists of L.fenchone 35%, limonene 22.6%, cineol 5.9%, piperitenon oxide and sesquiterpene oxide[
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