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Useful Tropical Plants

Boscia salicifolia

Oliv.

Capparaceae

+ Synonyms

Boscia powellii Sprague & M.L.Green

Boscia stylosa Gilg & Gilg-Ben.

Common Name:

Boscia salicifolia
Cultivated tree
Photograph by: Scamperdale
Creative Commons License
Boscia salicifolia Boscia salicifolia Boscia salicifolia Boscia salicifolia

General Information

Boscia salicifolia is a deciduous tree with a rounded but flattened crown; it can grow up to 15 metres tall, but is often much less[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].
The tree has a range of local edible and medicinal uses, as well as being a minor source of fuel. In cultivated areas the tree is conserved for use as an emergency food when the forest is cleared for cultivation[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Tropical Africa - drier areas from Senegal to Eritrea and Ethiopia, south through eastern Africa to Zambia, Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

Habitat

Drier types of woodland, or on termite-mounds in Brachystegia woodland; deciduous woodland and bushland; bamboo thicket; grassland with scattered trees; at elevations from 300 - 1,800 metres[
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitDeciduous Tree
Height10.00 m
Growth RateMedium
Cultivation StatusSemi-cultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details

A plant of the drier tropics, it can succeed in areas where the mean annual rainfall is within the range 200 - 400mm[
774
Title
Trees and Shrubs of the Sahel. Their Characteristics and Uses.
Publication
 
Author
von Maydell H.
Publisher
Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit; Germany
Year
1990
ISBN
3-8236-1198-4
Description
A well-researched book, usually with more than one photograph of each species and good information on the plant and its uses.
].
Established plants are drought resistant[
396
Title
Useful Trees and Shrubs in Eritrea
Publication
 
Author
Bein. E.; Habte. B.; Jaber. A.; Birnie. A. & Tengnas. B.
Publisher
Regional Soil Conservation Unit: Nairobi
Year
1996
ISBN
9966-896-24-4
Description
A very well written and concise guide to almost 200 species. It gives a brief description of each plant together with its habitat, uses, propagation and cultivation. Line drawings of each plant are also included It can be downloaded from the internet
].
A fairly fast-growing tree[
396
Title
Useful Trees and Shrubs in Eritrea
Publication
 
Author
Bein. E.; Habte. B.; Jaber. A.; Birnie. A. & Tengnas. B.
Publisher
Regional Soil Conservation Unit: Nairobi
Year
1996
ISBN
9966-896-24-4
Description
A very well written and concise guide to almost 200 species. It gives a brief description of each plant together with its habitat, uses, propagation and cultivation. Line drawings of each plant are also included It can be downloaded from the internet
].

Edible Uses

The leaf is sometimes eaten as a vegetable, and is also an ingredient of soups[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

The bark is pounded and put into soup[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

The root is said to be soft and starchy and is roasted and eaten in some areas[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
], though it is regarded as toxic in some other regions and in others it is only eaten as a famine-food[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

The seeds are eaten after cooking, not raw[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Medicinal

The leaves are burnt to ash with the leaves of Mdala (botanical name not given) and Mnyukampara (Maerua triphylla); these are then put in a juice from the pounded roots of Mdala, then warmed and drunk as an antidote in cases of poisoning, or as a treatment against tuberculosis[
462
Title
Inventory of Plants used in Traditional Medicine in Tanzania. Part 1.
Publication
 
Author
Hedberg I. & Hedberg O.
Publisher
Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Year
1982
ISBN
 
Description
Basic traditional medicinal uses of a range of plants from Tanzania.
]. Young leaves are used to treat both tooth and stomach-ache[
396
Title
Useful Trees and Shrubs in Eritrea
Publication
 
Author
Bein. E.; Habte. B.; Jaber. A.; Birnie. A. & Tengnas. B.
Publisher
Regional Soil Conservation Unit: Nairobi
Year
1996
ISBN
9966-896-24-4
Description
A very well written and concise guide to almost 200 species. It gives a brief description of each plant together with its habitat, uses, propagation and cultivation. Line drawings of each plant are also included It can be downloaded from the internet
].
The leaf is a remedy for a malady called 'chiufa', the symptoms of which include an inflamed and gaping anus - the powdered leaf is blown into the anus of the inverted patient. The treatment is said to be successful[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
,
462
Title
Inventory of Plants used in Traditional Medicine in Tanzania. Part 1.
Publication
 
Author
Hedberg I. & Hedberg O.
Publisher
Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Year
1982
ISBN
 
Description
Basic traditional medicinal uses of a range of plants from Tanzania.
].
The leaf-sap is dripped into a fresh wound as a healing dressing, whilst the pounded leaves are applied as a poultice to maturate even abscesses, and also to treat scrofula and furuncles[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
,
462
Title
Inventory of Plants used in Traditional Medicine in Tanzania. Part 1.
Publication
 
Author
Hedberg I. & Hedberg O.
Publisher
Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Year
1982
ISBN
 
Description
Basic traditional medicinal uses of a range of plants from Tanzania.
].

The pounded bark is made into an infusion used to irrigate the eyes as a treatment for conjunctivitis; a steam-bath of the same can also be used[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
,
462
Title
Inventory of Plants used in Traditional Medicine in Tanzania. Part 1.
Publication
 
Author
Hedberg I. & Hedberg O.
Publisher
Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Year
1982
ISBN
 
Description
Basic traditional medicinal uses of a range of plants from Tanzania.
].

A decoction of the root and stem bark is drunk as an aphrodisiac. A decoction is drunk to treat severe abscess, scrofula and furuncle[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
,
462
Title
Inventory of Plants used in Traditional Medicine in Tanzania. Part 1.
Publication
 
Author
Hedberg I. & Hedberg O.
Publisher
Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Year
1982
ISBN
 
Description
Basic traditional medicinal uses of a range of plants from Tanzania.
].

The root is added to a special brew of beer with other drug-plants which is taken for rheumatism[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Other Uses

The wood is used as poles in traditional buildings[
396
Title
Useful Trees and Shrubs in Eritrea
Publication
 
Author
Bein. E.; Habte. B.; Jaber. A.; Birnie. A. & Tengnas. B.
Publisher
Regional Soil Conservation Unit: Nairobi
Year
1996
ISBN
9966-896-24-4
Description
A very well written and concise guide to almost 200 species. It gives a brief description of each plant together with its habitat, uses, propagation and cultivation. Line drawings of each plant are also included It can be downloaded from the internet
].
The wood is used for fuel[
396
Title
Useful Trees and Shrubs in Eritrea
Publication
 
Author
Bein. E.; Habte. B.; Jaber. A.; Birnie. A. & Tengnas. B.
Publisher
Regional Soil Conservation Unit: Nairobi
Year
1996
ISBN
9966-896-24-4
Description
A very well written and concise guide to almost 200 species. It gives a brief description of each plant together with its habitat, uses, propagation and cultivation. Line drawings of each plant are also included It can be downloaded from the internet
].

Propagation

Seed - it has a short viability and needs to be sown as soon as possible. Does not require pre-treatment, germinating quickly and well[
396
Title
Useful Trees and Shrubs in Eritrea
Publication
 
Author
Bein. E.; Habte. B.; Jaber. A.; Birnie. A. & Tengnas. B.
Publisher
Regional Soil Conservation Unit: Nairobi
Year
1996
ISBN
9966-896-24-4
Description
A very well written and concise guide to almost 200 species. It gives a brief description of each plant together with its habitat, uses, propagation and cultivation. Line drawings of each plant are also included It can be downloaded from the internet
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-04-20. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=boscia%20salicifolia>

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