Casearia guidonia (Sw.) Lundell
Laetia guidonia Sw.
Zuelania laetioides A.Rich.
Zuelania roussoviae Pittier
Zuelania guidonia is a deciduous tree with a high, thin, pyramidal crown; it can grow 10 - 25 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole is free of branches for the greatest majority of its height, it can be 10 - 60cm in diameter[
The tree is sometimes harvested from the wild for its medicinal uses and its timber.
Northern S. America - Colombia, Venezuela; C. America - Panama to Mexico; Caribbean - Trinidad to Bahamas; Southern N. America - Mexico.
A sub-canopy and, rarely, a canopy tree, found in both moist and dry forests[
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A plant of mainly low elevations in the tropics, though it can be found at elevations up to 1,500 metres.
The flowers are very attractive to bees - the plant has great potential as a bee fodder crop for apiarists[
One of the common names for the plant is 'turds', which apparently refers to the similarity between the green fruit and horse excreta[
A gum obtained from the stem is emetic[
The abundant, clear resin which exudes from incisions made in the trunk, is said to have great medicinal virtues[
A decoction of the bark is used as a remedy for amenorrhea[
The heartwood is a browny white; the sapwood nearly white in a thick layer[
]. The wood is hard, heavy, very tough and strong, close-grained, durable in contact with the soil and taking a good polish[
]. It is considered of little use, but is sometimes employed for fence posts[
The wood splits easily and is said to burn readily, even when freshly cut[
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