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Useful Tropical Plants

Zornia diphylla

(L.) Pers.


Various other Zornia species have long been confused with Zornia diphylla (L.) Pers. However, Dandy & Milne-Redhead in Kew Bull. 17: 73 - 74 (1963) concluded that the name Zornia diphylla must be restricted to the plant hitherto known as Zornia conjugata (Willd.) Sm., and which, far from being a pantropical weed, seems to be unknown outside its natural area of distribution, namely Sri Lanka and southern India[
308
Title
Flora Zambesiaca
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://apps.kew.org/efloras/fz/intro.html
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online flora of plants from the Zambezi River basin. It lists a number of the plant uses as well as the habitats and botanical descriptions of the plants.
].

+ Synonyms

Hedysarum diphyllum L.

Hedysarum conjugatum Willd.

Zornia conjugata (Willd.) Sm.

Zornia zeylonensis Pers.

Zornia dyctiocarpa DC.

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Zornia diphylla is a densely-branched, prostrate to erect plant with wiry stems up to 50cm long[
1631
Title
A Monograph of the Leguminous Genus Zornia
Publication
Webbia: Journal of Plant Taxonomy and Geography, 16:1, 1-141, 1961
Author
Mohlenbrock R.H.
Website
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00837792.1961.10669720
Publisher
 
Year
1961
ISBN
 
Description
 
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

464
Title
A Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon
Publication
 
Author
Trimen H.; continued by Hooker J.D.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Dulau and Co; London.
Year
1898
ISBN
 
Description
Very dated, but still a useful work. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
1631
Title
A Monograph of the Leguminous Genus Zornia
Publication
Webbia: Journal of Plant Taxonomy and Geography, 16:1, 1-141, 1961
Author
Mohlenbrock R.H.
Website
http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00837792.1961.10669720
Publisher
 
Year
1961
ISBN
 
Description
 

Range

E. Asia - southern India, Sri Lanka

Habitat

Not known

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitPerennial
Height0.30 m
PollinatorsInsects
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
755
Title
Nodulation Plants in GRIN Taxonomy
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ars-grin.gov/~sbmljw/cgi-bin/taxnodul.pl?language=en
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database listing plants that have either positive or negative reports on root and stem nodulation with nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The root is soporific and is used to induce sleep in children[
240
Title
Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement).
Publication
 
Author
Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C.
Publisher
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi.
Year
1986
ISBN
-
Description
Very terse details of medicinal uses of plants with a wide range of references and details of research into the plants chemistry. Not for the casual reader.
]. This report probably should refer to Zornia gibbosa[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

The plant (part not specified) is used to treat dysentery and venereal diseases[
1629
Title
The Essential Oil Constituents of Zornia diphylla (L.) Pers, and Anti-Inflammatory and Antimicrobial Activities of t
Publication
Rec. Nat. Prod. 8:4 (2014) 385-393
Author
Arunkumar R. et al
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

An essential oil obtained from the whole plant is rich in monoterpenoids, especially sabinene (43.1%) and terpinene 4-ol (13.2%). The essential oil has shown a significant antibacterial activity against Salmonella typhi and also antiinflammatory activity. Sabinene showed promising antibacterial and antifungal activities[
1629
Title
The Essential Oil Constituents of Zornia diphylla (L.) Pers, and Anti-Inflammatory and Antimicrobial Activities of t
Publication
Rec. Nat. Prod. 8:4 (2014) 385-393
Author
Arunkumar R. et al
Publisher
 
Year
2014
ISBN
 
Description
 
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-08-19. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Zornia+diphylla>

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