Ziziphus oenopolia is a thorny, evergreen shrub with straggling branches, often scrambling into other vegetation; it can grow around 5 metres tall[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. The fruits are sometims sold in local markets[
]. The plant is sometimes grown as a hedge.
E. Asia - southern China, India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Australia.
Margins of subtropical forests; at elevations up to 1,600 metres[
]. Forests and thickets; at elevations from 500 - 1,100 metres[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Wild
Fruit - raw or cooked[
]. They can be dried for off-season consumption[
]. The shiny, black, globose or obovoid-globose fruit is around 5 - 7mm long and 5 - 6mm wide, containing 1 - 2 seeds[
The juice of the roots is applied to fresh cuts and wounds[
A decoction of the root bark is used to heal fresh wounds[
The bark contains tannins and is astringent. A paste of the inner bark is applied as a poultice to obstinate wounds[
A decoction of the fruit is used as a treatment for indigestion[
]. The fruit is an ingredient of a stomachache pill[
The plant is very prickly, and is grown as a hedge to provide a barrier to keep out livestock and other grazing animals[
The bark is a source of tannins[
The seeds are used to make rosaries[
The branches are used to make fences[
Seed - remove the flesh from around the seed then soak the seed in cold water for 6 hours[
]. Cover the seed in seedling trays with a thin layer of river sand and keep moist. Seeds usually germinate in 2 - 3 weeks with a minimum of 75% germination[
]. Seedlings transplant easily into black nursery soil but they have long taproots and care should be taken not to damage them[
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