Amomum spurium (J.König) J.F.Gmel.
Amomum sylvestre Lam.
Amomum zerumbet L.
Cardamomum spurium (J.König) Kuntze
Dieterichia lampujang Giseke
Dieterichia lampuyang Giseke
Dieterichia major Raeusch.
Dieterichia minor Raeusch.
Dieterichia spuria (J.König) Giseke
Zerumbet zingiber T.Lestib.
Zingiber amaricans Blume
Zingiber aromaticum Valeton
Zingiber blancoi Hassk.
Zingiber cochinchinense Gagnep.
Zingiber darceyi H.J.Veitch
Zingiber littorale (Valeton) Valeton
Zingiber ovoideum Blume
Zingiber spurium J.König
Zingiber sylvestre Garsault
Zingiber truncatum Stokes
Growing plant with developing flower cone at base
Photograph by: Sten Porse
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0
Zingiber zerumbet is a herbaceous, perennial plant producing clumps of leaves from a large rhizome. The leaves form a pseudostem from 60 - 200cm tall[
A popular and widely cultivated plant in southeast Asia where it is used as a medicinal plant and spice[
]. The roots are sold in local markets in Java[
]. The plant also produces very ornamental flowering heads and is widely grown in gardens[
The rhizome is used in the preparation of arrow poison or is used for ritual ceremonies[
E. Asia - southern China, Indian subcontinent, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines.
Moist places in forests[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Cultivated, Ornamental, Wild
Prefers a position in humid woodland shade. Prefers a fertile, humus-rich soil[
The species has often escaped from cultivation and become naturalized[
Young rhizomes - raw or cooked[
]. The rhizome is also used as a condiment and appetizer[
]. Both the tips of young rhizomes (which are not bitter) and the tips of older rhizomes (which are bitter) are eaten raw with rice[
Young leaves and shoots - cooked as a vegetable[
]. The leaves are also sometimes used to wrap food for baking[
The young flower spikes, with the bracts removed, can be eaten raw, cooked or added to stews[
A decoction of the rhizome is used in the treatment of asthma[
]. A decoction is used as a carminative to treat colic[
]. It is employed as a 'hot' remedy for coughs, asthma, worms, leprosy, and other skin diseases[
The rhizome is applied externally to rheumatic joints[
The essential oil in the rhizome contains zerumbone, which has spasmolytic and bacteriostatic properties[
An essential oil obtained from the rhizome is used to perfume soap and other toilet articles[
The dried rhizome is ground into a powder and used as a perfume[
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