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Useful Tropical Plants

Zanthoxylum oxyphyllum

Edgew.

Rutaceae

+ Synonyms

Fagara oxyphylla (Edgew.) Engl.

Common Name:

Zanthoxylum oxyphyllum
Drawing of the leaves, flowers and fruit
Photograph by: Kirtikar, K.R., Basu, B.D., Indian medicinal plants, Plates, vol. 1: t. 186 (1918)
Creative Commons License

General Information

Zanthoxylum oxyphyllum is a spiny shrub that sometimes adopts a climbing habit[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
,
272
Title
Plants and People of Nepal
Publication
 
Author
Manandhar. N. P.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
2002
ISBN
0-88192-527-6
Description
Excellent book, covering over 1,500 species of useful plants from Nepal together with information on the geography and peoples of Nepal. Good descriptions of the plants with terse notes on their uses.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine and food. It is also occasionally cultivated in India[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

E. Asia - southern China, India, Bhutan, Nepal, Myanmar.

Habitat

Open rocky slopes in the Himalayas at elevations of 2,100 - 2,800 metres[
272
Title
Plants and People of Nepal
Publication
 
Author
Manandhar. N. P.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
2002
ISBN
0-88192-527-6
Description
Excellent book, covering over 1,500 species of useful plants from Nepal together with information on the geography and peoples of Nepal. Good descriptions of the plants with terse notes on their uses.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitClimber
Height0.00 m
PollinatorsInsects
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusCultivated, Wild

Cultivation Details

A plant of moist areas in the tropics and subtropics, ascending to 2,800 metres in the Himalayas, where the climate should be more temperate. The plant should be tolerant of at least some frost[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if seed is required.

Edible Uses

Young shoots - cooked and used as a vegetable[
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].

The fruits are used as a condiment in curries[
272
Title
Plants and People of Nepal
Publication
 
Author
Manandhar. N. P.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
2002
ISBN
0-88192-527-6
Description
Excellent book, covering over 1,500 species of useful plants from Nepal together with information on the geography and peoples of Nepal. Good descriptions of the plants with terse notes on their uses.
,
317
Title
Mansfeld's Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Plants
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://mansfeld.ipk-gatersleben.de/pls/htmldb_pgrc/f?p=185:3:4292127278597336
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Terse details of a huge range of useful plants.
].

Medicinal

The fruits are said to be astringent, digestive and stimulant[
655
Title
Inventory of Seeds and Plants Imported. Vol. 59
Publication
USDA Bureau of Plant Industry
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
USDA Government Printing Office; Washington DC.
Year
1922
ISBN
 
Description
Details of seeds and plants imported for trials by the United States Department of Agriculture in the second quarter of 1919, often detailing the uses of the plant and various other miscellaneous information. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
A paste made from the immature fruits is held between the teeth for about 10 minutes to relieve toothache[
272
Title
Plants and People of Nepal
Publication
 
Author
Manandhar. N. P.
Publisher
Timber Press. Oregon.
Year
2002
ISBN
0-88192-527-6
Description
Excellent book, covering over 1,500 species of useful plants from Nepal together with information on the geography and peoples of Nepal. Good descriptions of the plants with terse notes on their uses.
].

The bark, especially the root bark, is tonic and aromatic. It can be used in the treatment of rheumatism and atonic dyspepsia[
615
Title
Pharmacographia Indica
Publication
 
Author
Dymock W.; Warden C.J.H.; Hooper D.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Education Society's Press, Byculla; Mombai.
Year
1890
ISBN
 
Description
Information on the principal plant medicines encountered in India in the 19th century.
].

Other Uses

The yellowish-white wood is soft and porous[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
].

Propagation

Seed -

Comments

jayant chatterje 05th December 2016 21:20
the common name of this plant is mezenga. especially the leaves are found in north east markets of india used for anti arthritic properties in it

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