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Useful Tropical Plants

Zanthoxylum myriacanthum

Wall. ex Hook.f.

Rutaceae

+ Synonyms

Euodia odorata H.Lév.

Fagara diabolica (Elmer) Engl.

Fagara gigantea Hand.-Mazz.

Fagara myriacantha (Wall. ex Hook.f.) Engl.

Fagara odorata (H.Lév.) Hand.-Mazz.

Fagara rhetsoides (Drake) Reeder & Cheo

Zanthoxylum diabolicum Elmer

Zanthoxylum giganteum (Hand.-Mazz.) Rehd.

Zanthoxylum odoratum (H.Lév.) H.Lév.

Zanthoxylum rhetsoides Drake

Common Name:

No Image.

General Information

Zanthoxylum myriacanthum is an evergreen tree that can grow up to 25 metres tall. The main stems are prickly, or with thick, conical spines up to 3cm long[
654
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum. Vol. 47
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University; Cambridge, Mass.
Year
1966
ISBN
 
Description
A treatment of the Malaysian species of Zanthoxylum, amongst other articles. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local use as a condiment and medicine.

Known Hazards

The plant has been used as a fish poison[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Botanical References

654
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum. Vol. 47
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University; Cambridge, Mass.
Year
1966
ISBN
 
Description
A treatment of the Malaysian species of Zanthoxylum, amongst other articles. It can be downloaded from the internet.

Range

E. Asia - southern China, India, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Vietnam, Philippines.

Habitat

Forests and thickets at elevations of 100 - 1,230 metres in Malesia and from 200 - 2,145 metres in continental Asia[
654
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum. Vol. 47
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University; Cambridge, Mass.
Year
1966
ISBN
 
Description
A treatment of the Malaysian species of Zanthoxylum, amongst other articles. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height20.00 m
PollinatorsInsects
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



A dioecious species, both male and female forms must be grown if seed is required.

Edible Uses

The fruit is used as a condiment[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
654
Title
Journal of the Arnold Arboretum. Vol. 47
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Harvard University; Cambridge, Mass.
Year
1966
ISBN
 
Description
A treatment of the Malaysian species of Zanthoxylum, amongst other articles. It can be downloaded from the internet.
].

Medicinal

The smoke from burning seeds is inhaled as a treatment for an ulcerated, syphilitic nose[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe. Stored seed may requires up to 3 months cold stratification, though scarification may also help[
113
Title
The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation.
Publication
 
Author
Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W.
Publisher
Athens Ga. Varsity Press
Year
1987
ISBN
0942375009
Description
A very detailed book on propagating trees. Not for the casual reader.
]. Germination should take place within 6 months, though it might take another 12 months. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them until large enough to plant out.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood.
Root cuttings, 3cm long, planted horizontally in pots. Good percentage[
78
Title
Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers.
Publication
 
Author
Sheat. W. G.
Publisher
MacMillan and Co
Year
1948
ISBN
-
Description
A bit dated but a good book on propagation techniques with specific details for a wide range of plants.
].
Suckers, removed when the plant is dormant, and planted direct into their permanent positions[
113
Title
The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation.
Publication
 
Author
Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W.
Publisher
Athens Ga. Varsity Press
Year
1987
ISBN
0942375009
Description
A very detailed book on propagating trees. Not for the casual reader.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2018-11-20. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Zanthoxylum+myriacanthum>

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