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Useful Tropical Plants

Zanthoxylum fagara

(L.) Sarg.

Rutaceae

+ Synonyms

Fagara affinis (Kunth) Schult. & Schult.f.

Fagara culantrillo (Kunth) Krug & Urb.

Fagara fagara (L.) Kuntze

Fagara fagara (L.) Small

Fagara hyemalis (A.St.-Hil.) Engl.

Fagara inermis Willd. ex Schult. & Schult.f.

Fagara lentiscifolia Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.

Fagara nigrescens R.E.Fr.

Fagara nigrescens Urb. & Ekman

Fagara peckoltiana (Engl.) Engl.

Fagara peruviana Willd. ex Schult. & Schult.f.

Fagara pterota L.

Fagaras fagara (L.) Kuntze

Pterota fagara (L.) Crantz

Schinus fagara L.

Zanthoxylum affine Kunth

Zanthoxylum aguilarii Standl. & Steyerm.

Zanthoxylum atoyacanum Lundell

Zanthoxylum atratum Alain

Zanthoxylum culantrillo Kunth

Zanthoxylum friesii P.G.Waterman

Zanthoxylum hyemale A. St.-Hil.

Zanthoxylum insulare Rose

Zanthoxylum lentiscifolium (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Andersson

Zanthoxylum nicaraguense Standl. & L.O.Williams

Zanthoxylum nigrescens J.Jiménez Alm.

Zanthoxylum peckoltianum Engl.

Zanthoxylum praecox A.St.-Hil.

Zanthoxylum pterota (L.) Kunth

Zanthoxylum pterota (L.) St.-Lag.

Zanthoxylum sonorense Lundell

Common Name:

Zanthoxylum fagara
Female flowers and young fruits
Photograph by: O. M. Montiel
Creative Commons License
Zanthoxylum fagara Zanthoxylum fagara Zanthoxylum fagara Zanthoxylum fagara Zanthoxylum fagara

General Information

Zanthoxylum fagara is a semideciduous shrub or a small slender tree with an open crown; it can grow, from 4 - 12 metres tall. The cylindrical but crooked bole can be 30 - 40cm in diameter. It is short, branching a metre or so from the base, and armed with stout spines about 12mm long[
331
Title
Flora of Guatemala
Publication
 
Author
Standley P.C. & J. A. Steyermark
Website
http://www.archive.org/
Publisher
 
Year
1946 - 1976
ISBN
 
Description
A superb reference, though somewhat dated. Gives lots of plant uses as well as information on plant habit and habitat. The entire flora (13 volumes) can now be downloaded from http://www.archive.org/
,
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
,
453
Title
Woods of Northeastern Peru
Publication
 
Author
Williams L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Field Museum Press; Chicago.
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
Gives information on the properties of the wood of well over 1,000 species of woody plants from northeastern Peru. Can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for its timber.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

S. America - Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, Brazil, Bolivia to Colombia and Venezuela; C. America - Panama to Texas; Caribbean - Cuba, Dominica

Habitat

Open sandy or dry loam, in clearings or among shrubs and low trees of secondary formations at elevations of 150 - 450 metres[
453
Title
Woods of Northeastern Peru
Publication
 
Author
Williams L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Field Museum Press; Chicago.
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
Gives information on the properties of the wood of well over 1,000 species of woody plants from northeastern Peru. Can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. Found in moist soils in more open, primary forests, edges of woods and denser forests[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitSemi-deciduous Tree
Height8.00 m
Growth RateMedium
PollinatorsInsects
Self-fertileNo
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

A plant of the subtropics and tropics, where it can be found from near sea level to over 2,000 metres.
Grows best in a sunny position[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. Tolerates seasonal inundation of the soil[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
Plants have a moderate rate of growth[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
The whole plant has a disagreeable odour[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if seed is required.

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The bark, leaves and roots have medicinal properties[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Other Uses

The wood is almost white, pale yellow, or light brown. It is odourless and tasteless; straight or roey-grained; medium-textured; fairly light in weight, but firm and rather tough for its weight; very durable. It saws slightly woolly; is easy to work; capable of taking a smooth, lustrous polish; and holds its place well when finished[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
,
453
Title
Woods of Northeastern Peru
Publication
 
Author
Williams L.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/
Publisher
Field Museum Press; Chicago.
Year
1936
ISBN
 
Description
Gives information on the properties of the wood of well over 1,000 species of woody plants from northeastern Peru. Can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. It is used in general construction, for stays, poles, stakes, cart bodies, lathe work and cabinet making in general[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a sunny position in a nursery seedbed. A low germination rate can usually be expected, with the seed sprouting within 40 - 60 days[
420
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 2. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-15-1
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

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