Fagara ailanthoides (Siebold & Zucc.) Engl.
Fagara emarginella (Miq.) Engl.
Fagara hemsleyana (Makino) Makino
Zanthoxylum emarginellum Miq.
Zanthoxylum hemsleyanum Makino
Fagara boninshimae Koidz.
Leaves and canopy
Photograph by: Shih-Shiuan Kao
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0
Zanthoxylum ailanthoides is an apparently evergreen tree growing up to 25 metres tall.
The plant is sometimes gathered from the wild for its edible seed, medicinal uses and timber, which are used locally.
E. Asia - southern China, central and southern Japan, Korea, Philippines.
]. Upland thickets; at elevations from 300 - 1,500 metres[
]. Lowland forests; at elevations up to 300 metres[
A plant mainly of warm temperate to subtropical regions, just entering into the tropics in the northern Philippines. It is a rather frost-tender species[
Prefers a good deep well-drained moisture retentive soil in full sun or semi-shade[
Flowers are formed on the old wood[
A dioecious species, both male and female forms must be grown if seed is required.
Seed - cooked. A pungent flavour, it is used as a condiment[
]. A red pepper substitute[
]. The fruit is rather small but is produced in clusters which makes harvesting easy[
]. Each fruit contains a single seed.
]. No more details are given.
The resin contained in the bark, and especially in that of the roots, is antitussive, carminative, and powerfully stimulant[
The wood is used locally to make canoes[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe. Stored seed may requires up to 3 months cold stratification, though scarification may also help[
]. Germination should take place within 6 months, though it might take another 12 months. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them until large enough to plant out.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood.
Root cuttings, 3cm long, planted horizontally in pots. Good percentage[
Suckers, removed when the plant is dormant, and planted direct into their permanent positions[
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