Zanthoxylum tsihanimposa is a spiny, deciduous tree growing 20 - 30 metres tall[
]. The bole, which is usually straight and cylindrical, can be up to 100cm in diameter. The bole is armed with woody, prickle-bearing protuberances up to 2 cm long, but these are sometimes lacking in old trees[
The tree is harvested from the wild for its timber and medicinal uses.
Africa - western Madagascar.
Dry, deciduous forests on calcareous and silicaceous soils at elevations up to 400 metres[
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Established plants are very drought tolerant[
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if seed is required.
A bark decoction is used to treat malaria[
Several alkaloids that have been isolated from the stem bark have shown in-vitro antiplasmodial activity[
The heartwood is yellowish brown, sometimes with a greenish or golden shine, and distinctly demarcated from the greyish white sapwood. The grain is straight; texture coarse. The wood is medium-weight; durability is poor to moderate, the wood being susceptible to attacks by termites, Lyctus borers and fungi. It is fairly easy to saw and work; it holds nails moderately well; the gluing and painting properties are satisfactory[
]. It is used locally for house building, especially for window frames and doors, and also in shipbuilding and for boxes and crates. It is suitable for veneer and plywood production[
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