Zamia cycadifolia Dyer
Zamia galeottii de Vriese
Zamia herrerae S.Calderón & Standl.
Zamia latifolia Lodd. ex A.DC.
Zamia lawsoniana Dyer
Zamia leiboldii Miq.
Zamia mexicana Miq.
Zamia spartea A.DC.
Zamia sylvatica Chamb.
Zamia loddigesii is an evergreen cycad with a subterranean caudex up to 12cm in diameter. It usually has 2 - 6 erect or slightly recurved leaves, from 0.4 - 1.5 metres long, and a prickled petiole[
The stems are a source of starch that was once a staple food for many local peoples, it is little used nowadays.
This species has been affected as a result of habitat destruction due to agriculture and cattle ranching that could lead to a population decline of more than 30%. It is classified as 'Near Threatened' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2011)[
The fleshy seeds contain a toxic glycoside that causes headaches, vomiting, stomach pains and diarrhoea if ingested[
The juice from the plant is very poisonous[
The starch obtained from the stem is poisonous unless thoroughly cooked[
Central America - Honduras, El Salvador, Belize, Guatemala, Mexico.
Open slopes or fields, sometimes in wet or moist thickets or forest, occasionally in lowland pine forest, lowlands of both coasts at sea level to 1,000 metres in Guatemala[
|Conservation Status||Near Threatened
|Other Uses Rating||
Prefers a sunny position in a sandy, well drained soil[
A dioecious species, both male and female forms need to be grown if seed is required[
An edible starch can be obtained from the stems[
]. This can be ground into a powder and used in making bread etc. It needs to be thoroughly cooked in order to destroy a poisonous principle[
A starch obtained from the stems can be used as a laundry starch[
Seed - remove the fleshy coating and surface sow on damp sand. Germination is best at around 23 - 29°c[
]. Pot up young seedlings into a rich, moist medium, as soon as they are large enough to handle and grow on at high temperatures without any check to growth until 2 - 3 leaves have been produced at one time, otherwise they may enter dormancy[
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