Polyalthia mayumbensis Exell
Xylopia lanepoolei Sprague & Hutch.
Xylopia striata Engl.
Xylopia quintasii is a slender, evergreen tree growing up to 30 metres tall with a clear straight bole[
It is mainly used locally, being harvested from the wild for its medicinal uses, fibre and wood.
Tropical Africa - moister areas from Senegal to Central African Republic, south to northern Angola and DR Congo.
Wet evergreen or deciduous lowland forest[
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A tree of the moist to wet tropical lowlands[
The bark is fragrant and is used in the treatment of broncho-pneumonic affections and for febrile pains.
The inner bark is beaten and rubbed on the hands to reduce knot-like swellings, and scrapings of the inner bark soaked in water make a mouthwash for the treatment of pyorrhoea[
]. The powdered bark is dusted on ulcers[
The powdered root, mixed with salt, is considered to be a cure for constipation[
The powdered root, used on its own, is applied externally as a dressing for sores; is used for rubbing on the gums in cases of pyorrhoea; and is used in the local treatment of cancer[
A decoction of the leaves and roots is used as a general tonic[
The fruit is used as a stimulant. It is eaten to assist in childbirth and to treat menorrhagia; it is also used in the treatment of mucous discharges in diseases such as bronchitis and gonorrhoea[
The bark strips easily and the inner bark yields a fibre which is used for cordage[
The yellowish to brown wood is heavy; hard; straight-grained; finishes well; scented or with a foetid odour when fresh; and is reasonably durable against termites[
]. It is harder and finer-textured than the wood of other members of the genus[
]. It is used locally for making bows and cross-bows; house-posts; and for timbers when large enough. Its resilience and toughness make it suitable in small sizes for purposes requiring elasticity with strength, such as for tool-handles, pestles, spear-shafts, canoe-paddles. It has been suggested as being suitable for transmission poles[
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