Xylopia brasiliensis is an evergreen tree with a dense crown; it can grow from 10 - 30 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole can be 30 - 60cm in diameter[
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local medicinal use and for its timber. A very ornamental tree with a delicate, conifer-like habit, it can be used in landscaping[
S. America - Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil.
Rainforests, mainly along well-drained hillsides, in dense primary forests and also in open and secondary formations[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
A plant of mainly low elevations in the tropics to the subtropics, it can be found at elevations up to 800 metres.
Prefers a sunny position[
Newly planted young trees are slow to establish and grow away slowly[
The seed and bark are carminative, febrifuge and stomachic[
]. They are used in the treatment of stomach-aches, flatulence and malaria[
Extracts from plants in this genus have proved active against Plasmodium falciparum with IC50 between 3 and 10 mcg/ml[
The wood is moderately heavy, soft, straight-grained, medium-textured, of low natural durability even when protected[
]. It is used internally in the construction of buildings, as board scantlings, beams and for making masts and boxes[
Seed - germination rates and time are improved if the seed is scarified by lightly abrading the seedcoat prior to sowing. Sow the seeds in a nursery seedbed. Germination rates are usually low, with sprouting taking place within 30 - 50 days. Transplant the seedlings into individual containers when they are 4 - 6cm tall. Seedlings are quite slow growing and it will take 9 - 11 months from germination until they are ready to plant into their permanent positions[
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