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Useful Tropical Plants

Xylopia brasiliensis

Spreng.

Annonaceae

+ Synonyms

Common Name:

Xylopia brasiliensis
Cultivated tree
Photograph by: mauroguanandi
Creative Commons License

General Information

Xylopia brasiliensis is an evergreen tree with a dense crown; it can grow from 10 - 30 metres tall. The straight, cylindrical bole can be 30 - 60cm in diameter[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local medicinal use and for its timber. A very ornamental tree with a delicate, conifer-like habit, it can be used in landscaping[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

S. America - Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil.

Habitat

Rainforests, mainly along well-drained hillsides, in dense primary forests and also in open and secondary formations[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height20.00 m
Growth RateSlow
Cultivation StatusOrnamental, Wild

Cultivation Details

A plant of mainly low elevations in the tropics to the subtropics, it can be found at elevations up to 800 metres.
Prefers a sunny position[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].
Newly planted young trees are slow to establish and grow away slowly[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The seed and bark are carminative, febrifuge and stomachic[
518
Title
Plants used traditionally to treat malaria in Brazil.
Publication
 
Author
Botsaris A.S.
Publisher
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Year
2007
ISBN
 
Description
Brief details of plants that have traditionally been used to treat malaria.
]. They are used in the treatment of stomach-aches, flatulence and malaria[
518
Title
Plants used traditionally to treat malaria in Brazil.
Publication
 
Author
Botsaris A.S.
Publisher
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Year
2007
ISBN
 
Description
Brief details of plants that have traditionally been used to treat malaria.
].

Extracts from plants in this genus have proved active against Plasmodium falciparum with IC50 between 3 and 10 mcg/ml[
518
Title
Plants used traditionally to treat malaria in Brazil.
Publication
 
Author
Botsaris A.S.
Publisher
Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Year
2007
ISBN
 
Description
Brief details of plants that have traditionally been used to treat malaria.
].

Other Uses

The wood is moderately heavy, soft, straight-grained, medium-textured, of low natural durability even when protected[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
]. It is used internally in the construction of buildings, as board scantlings, beams and for making masts and boxes[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

Propagation

Seed - germination rates and time are improved if the seed is scarified by lightly abrading the seedcoat prior to sowing. Sow the seeds in a nursery seedbed. Germination rates are usually low, with sprouting taking place within 30 - 50 days. Transplant the seedlings into individual containers when they are 4 - 6cm tall. Seedlings are quite slow growing and it will take 9 - 11 months from germination until they are ready to plant into their permanent positions[
419
Title
Brazilian Trees. Volume 1. 4th Edition.
Publication
 
Author
Lorenzi. H.
Publisher
Instituto Plantarum De Estudos Da Flora; Brazil.
Year
2002
ISBN
85-86714-17-8
Description
Information on 350 species of Brazilian trees. Stunning photographs of each species, brief details on the plant, its uses and how to grow it from seed. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.
].

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