Xylopia amazonica is an evergreen tree growing from 7 - 28 metres tall[
]. The cylindrical bole can be 15 - 25cm in diameter with basal prop roots[
The tree is sometimes harvested from the wild for its timber.
S. America - Bolivia, Brazil, Surinam, Venezuela.
Dense secondary rainforest formations on upland sites with sandy soils[
]. Riverine forest, especially on slopes[
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Prefers a sunny position[
The leaves and stems are used as a tea to induce sleep[
Species in this genus have been shown to contain alkaloids, polyphenols and essential oils[
The wood is moderately heavy, straight grained, medium texture, easy to work but with low resistance to insect attack[
]. It can be used for general construction purposes such as framing and beams and for making boxes[
The wood is used for fuel and for making charcoal[
Seed - germination rates and time are improved if the seed is scarified by lightly abrading the seedcoat prior to sowing. Sow the seeds in a sunny position in a nursery seedbed, preferably as soon as they have been harvested. Germination rates are usually low, with sprouting taking place within 70 - 100 days[
]. Transplant the seedlings into individual containers when they are 4 - 6cm tall.
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