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Useful Tropical Plants

Xerospermum noronhianum

(Blume) Blume

Sapindaceae


This is a very variable species that has at times been separated into several distinct species. However, the variation in the flowers, leaves and especially the fruit is continuous and there is no real criteria for viewing it as more than one species[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

+ Synonyms

Arytera xerocarpa Adelb.

Euphoria noronhiana Blume

Euphoria xerocarpa Blume

Nephelium noronhianum Cambess.

Nephelium xerocarpum Cambess.

Xerospermum brachyphyllum Radlk.

Xerospermum cylindrocarpum Radlk.

Xerospermum echinulatum Radlk.

Xerospermum fallax Radlk.

Xerospermum glabratum Radlk.

Xerospermum intermedium Radlk.

Xerospermum lanceolatum Radlk.

Xerospermum testudineum Radlk.

Xerospermum wallichii King

Xerospermum xanthophyllum Radlk.

Common Name:

Xerospermum noronhianum

General Information

Xerospermum noronhianum is a tree usually growing up to 25 metres tall with occasional specimens to 30 metres[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
]. The bole has buttresses and can be 30 - 75cm in diameter[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].
The tree yields a timber and an edible fruit, which are sometimes used locally though not highly appreciated.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

E. Asia - Bangladesh, Assam, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Indonesia.

Habitat

Primary and secondary rainforest; peat and heath forest; bamboo forest; plains as well as slopes and crests; dry places but also river banks, marshes, or periodically flooded areas, in a variety of soils from sea level to 300, exceptionally 1,500 m[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitTree
Height20.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Found on a variety of different soils in the wild including sand, sandy clay, fertile volcanic loam and peat; with a subsoil of granite, sandstone, or limestone[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
]. Tolerant of periodic inundation of the soil[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].
Plants can flower and fruit all year round[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

Edible Uses

The thin yellow to orange fleshy part of the fruit can be eaten raw[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
]. Sweet and of good flavour[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Medicinal

The fruits and leaves are used to alleviate stomach-ache[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Other Uses

The light brown wood is hard and durable. It is used in construction, making carts, mills, rice pounders etc[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
,
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
611
Title
Five hundred plant species in Gunung Halimun Salak National Park, West Java
Publication
 
Author
Hari Priyadi et al
Website
http://www.cifor.cgiar.org
Publisher
Center for International Forestry Research; Indonesia.
Year
2010
ISBN
978-602-8693-22-6
Description
Brief details of the uses of 500 Indonesian plants. It is available as a PDF document to download from the internet.
].
The opinions on the timber quality are rather divergent, ranging from being suitable only for fuel, to being an inferior timber, or to being a good, tough, and durable timber[
451
Title
Flora Malesiana Series 1
Publication
 
Author
Various
Website
http://www.archive.org
Publisher
Nationaal Herbarium Nederiand, Universiteit Leiden branch
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A massive treatment of the plants of the Malaysian Archipelago. Much of it has been made available to download from the Internet
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2018-08-16. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Xerospermum+noronhianum>

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