If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating.
Useful Tropical Plants

Xanthostemon verdugonianus

NĂ¡ves ex Fern.-Vill.

Myrtaceae

+ Synonyms

Common Name: Mangkono

Xanthostemon verdugonianus
Illustration of the leaves and flowers
Photograph by: Francisco Manuel Blanco (O.S.A.); Flora de Filipinas
Public domain

General Information

Mangkono is a tree that can grow up to 50 metres tall[
722
Title
Bureau of Government Laboratories Vol. 6
Publication
 
Author
Merrill E.D.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Bureau of Public Printing; Manilla.
Year
1903
ISBN
 
Description
A series of botanical booklets looking at the flora of the Philippines. This volume has descriptions of a number of new species and looks at American plants that have naturalized in the Philippines. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. The bole can be up to 115cm in diameter, but is generally irregular and often branching within a few metres of the ground - the longest clear bole reported is 10 metres[
721
Title
Commercial Woods of the Philippines; Their Preparation and Uses
Publication
Philippines Bureau of Forestry Bulletin No. 14
Author
Schneider E.E.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Bureau of Forestry; Manilla.
Year
1916
ISBN
 
Description
A series of booklets dealing with various aspects of the Philippine forests. This volume looks at the preparation and uses of the commercial woods of the Philippines. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].
The tree has been heavily exploited from the wild for its very hard timber.
A naturally rare species, it yields the hardest timber found in the Philippines. The hardness of the wood gives the tree some protection against felling, but local people continue to cut trees of a small diameter because of the depletion of other hardwoods[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
]. The plant is classified as 'Vulnerable' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2011)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Southeast Asia - Philippines.

Habitat

Not known

Properties

Conservation StatusVulnerable
Other Uses Rating *  *  *  *
HabitTree
Height40.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The heartwood is a yellowish brown, turning to a dark bronze colour or nearly black with age; it is sharply demarcated from the 1 - 2cm layer of pale reddish heartwood. The grain is always crossed, frequently curly and twisted; the texture extremely fine and dense, so that the raw wood without oil or polish) can be burnished almost like metal[721[. The wood is exceedingly hard, very heavy and very durable[
721
Title
Commercial Woods of the Philippines; Their Preparation and Uses
Publication
Philippines Bureau of Forestry Bulletin No. 14
Author
Schneider E.E.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Bureau of Forestry; Manilla.
Year
1916
ISBN
 
Description
A series of booklets dealing with various aspects of the Philippine forests. This volume looks at the preparation and uses of the commercial woods of the Philippines. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
,
722
Title
Bureau of Government Laboratories Vol. 6
Publication
 
Author
Merrill E.D.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Bureau of Public Printing; Manilla.
Year
1903
ISBN
 
Description
A series of botanical booklets looking at the flora of the Philippines. This volume has descriptions of a number of new species and looks at American plants that have naturalized in the Philippines. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. It is probably the most durable wood of the Philippines; posts 40 years old have just 1cm of the sapwood decayed at the surface of ground, and salt-water pilings over 20 years old are attacked by teredo only to about the same extent[
721
Title
Commercial Woods of the Philippines; Their Preparation and Uses
Publication
Philippines Bureau of Forestry Bulletin No. 14
Author
Schneider E.E.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Bureau of Forestry; Manilla.
Year
1916
ISBN
 
Description
A series of booklets dealing with various aspects of the Philippine forests. This volume looks at the preparation and uses of the commercial woods of the Philippines. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
]. The wood seasons without warping much, but large logs have often several radial heart cracks, and fresh sawn pieces check superficially, but not deeply. Very difficult to work. It is used for posts, piles, tool handles and other wooden tool parts, bowling balls, dumb-bells, paper weights and other desk novelties, pulleys, rollers, sheaves, bearings, saw-guide blocks, etc[
721
Title
Commercial Woods of the Philippines; Their Preparation and Uses
Publication
Philippines Bureau of Forestry Bulletin No. 14
Author
Schneider E.E.
Website
http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org
Publisher
Bureau of Forestry; Manilla.
Year
1916
ISBN
 
Description
A series of booklets dealing with various aspects of the Philippine forests. This volume looks at the preparation and uses of the commercial woods of the Philippines. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
].

Propagation

Seed -

Add a Comment:

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.