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Useful Tropical Plants

Xanthocercis madagascariensis

Baill.

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Cadia anomala Vatke

Pseudocadia anomala (Vatke) Harms

Common Name:

Xanthocercis madagascariensis
Inflorescence
Photograph by: Fidy Ratovoson
Creative Commons License
Xanthocercis madagascariensis Xanthocercis madagascariensis Xanthocercis madagascariensis

General Information

Xanthocercis madagascariensis is a deciduous tree; it can grow up to 30 metres tall. The straight and cylindrical bole can be free of branches for up to 10 metres and up to 80cm in diameter[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
The wood is highly valued, being harvested from the wild for local use and for export. The tree also provides an edible fruit that is used locally.
Selective logging of this species takes place for fuelwood and construction purposes. The plant is classified as 'Vulnerable' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

The sawdust irritates mucous membranes and protective measures are needed during sawing operations[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Botanical References


Range

Africa - west and north Madagascar.

Habitat

Deciduous and evergreen forest, often near the coast but also up to elevations of 400 metres. It can be found on sandy soils, but also on limestone outcrops and basaltic soils[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
,
328
Title
African Flowering Plants Database
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa/recherche.php
Publisher
Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques.
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains information on over 150,000 plant names (including synonyms) giving a description and habitat, plus a distribution map.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusVulnerable
Edibility Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitDeciduous Tree
Height25.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria; these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[
755
Title
Nodulation Plants in GRIN Taxonomy
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.ars-grin.gov/~sbmljw/cgi-bin/taxnodul.pl?language=en
Publisher
United States Department of Agriculture
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An online database listing plants that have either positive or negative reports on root and stem nodulation with nitrogen-fixing bacteria.
].

Edible Uses

The fruit pulp is edible[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
]. The fruit is a a drupe-like ellipsoid pod 25 - 50mm long, occasionally to 90mm, and up to 25mm long; it contains 1 - 3 seeds, with slight constrictions between each seed. The seeds are enclosed in a fibrous, edible pulp[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The heartwood is beige-brown to brown, often with lighter patches and dark streaks; it is distinctly demarcated from the 6 - 8 cm wide band of paler sapwood. The grain is often wavy, texture fine and even. The wood is very heavy, hard, durable and resistant to fungi, termites and marine borers. The rates of shrinkage during drying are high. The wood is rather difficult to saw, requiring much power and dulling sawteeth rapidly; it is difficult to work; nailing is almost impossible without pre-boring; it finishes well; staining and polishing give very good results. The wood is used sometimes as a substitute of the wood of Lignum Vitae (Guaiacum officinale) for luxury furniture, exterior and interior joinery, luxury flooring, and in boat construction. It is also used for wood carving, and for making butcher’s blocks, pulleys and luxury decorative handles of brushes and implements. The wood is suitable for mine props, vehicle bodies, musical instruments, toys and novelties, turnery, draining boards and pattern making. It is popular for poles that are durable in contact with the ground[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].
The wood is used as firewood and for making charcoal[
299
Title
Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.prota.org
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent on-line database with detailed information on over 3,200 species of useful plants of Africa.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2018-10-21. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Xanthocercis+madagascariensis>

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