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Useful Tropical Plants

Voanioala gerardii

J.Dransf.

Arecaceae

+ Synonyms

Common Name:

Voanioala gerardii
The crown of the tree
Photograph by: John Dransfield
Image credit to Palmweb
Voanioala gerardii Voanioala gerardii Voanioala gerardii Voanioala gerardii Voanioala gerardii Voanioala gerardii Voanioala gerardii Voanioala gerardii Voanioala gerardii Voanioala gerardii

General Information

Voanioala gerardii is an evergreen, solitary-stemmed palm tree growing up to 20 metres tall and looking somewhat like a coconut palm[
314
Title
Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.pacsoa.org.au/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains at least a little information on the majority of palm and cycad species, plus a wealth of photographs. A first class website.
]. The unbranched bole is topped by a rosette of leaves that can be up to 5 metres long[
314
Title
Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.pacsoa.org.au/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains at least a little information on the majority of palm and cycad species, plus a wealth of photographs. A first class website.
].
The tree is harvested from the wild for its edible apical bud, which is consumed locally.
The tree is seriously threatened by habitat destruction and harvesting of the apical bud for food. Fewer than 10 trees are known to exist in the wild[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
]. Unless effective protection can be given to areas of forest on the Masoala Peninsula and the trees are safeguarded against exploitation, the species is unlikely to survive. The plant is classified as 'Critically Endangered' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2011)[
338
Title
IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.iucnredlist.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A list of plants under threat and facing possible extinction, usually with brief details of the threats and information on habitat.
].

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Africa - Madagascar.

Habitat

Primary forest on gentle slopes at elevations around 400 metres[
314
Title
Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.pacsoa.org.au/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains at least a little information on the majority of palm and cycad species, plus a wealth of photographs. A first class website.
].

Properties

Conservation StatusCritically Endangered
Edibility Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height15.00 m
Growth RateSlow
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details


Prefers a warm, moist, well drained position[
314
Title
Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.pacsoa.org.au/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains at least a little information on the majority of palm and cycad species, plus a wealth of photographs. A first class website.
].
This species is thought perhaps to have been the ancestor of the coconut that we know today. Even though the nut only measures about 5cm x 7cm and weighs approximately 100 - 120 grams, the close relationship with the modern coconut, Cocos nucifera , can be observed in the similarities of the arrangement of the inflorescences and in the physical structure of the fruits (nuts)[
314
Title
Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.pacsoa.org.au/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains at least a little information on the majority of palm and cycad species, plus a wealth of photographs. A first class website.
].

Edible Uses

The apical bud and young leaves are cooked and used as a vegetable[
664
Title
CITES Prop. 12.60
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.cites.org/eng/cop/12/prop/E12-P60.pdf
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
A proposal by CITES to list certain species of palm endemic to Madagascar in Appendix II.
]. Harvesting this bud leads to the death of the tree since it is unable to make side branches[
K
Title
Plants for a Future
Author
Ken Fern
Description
Notes from observations, tasting etc at Plants For A Future and on field trips.
].

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed - difficult to germinate and very slow growing[
314
Title
Palm and Cycad Societies of Australia.
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.pacsoa.org.au/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Contains at least a little information on the majority of palm and cycad species, plus a wealth of photographs. A first class website.
].
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-08-24. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Voanioala+gerardii>

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