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Useful Tropical Plants

Vitex quinata

(Lour.) F.N.Williams

Lamiaceae

+ Synonyms

Cornutia quinata Lour.

Vitex altmannii Moldenke

Vitex babula Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.

Vitex celebica Koord.

Vitex heterophylla Roxb.

Vitex loureiroi Hook. & Arn.

Vitex padangensis Hallier f.

Vitex sumatrana Miq.

Vitex undulate Wall.

Common Name:

Vitex quinata
Line drawing of the fruiting branch
Photograph by: Flora of China Illustrations vol. 17, fig. 70, 1-5
Creative Commons License
Vitex quinata Vitex quinata Vitex quinata

General Information

Vitex quinata is an evergreen tree growing from 4 - 35 metres tall[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
,
334
Title
Flora of Peninsula Malaysia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tfbc.frim.gov.my
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
In the process of being assembled (15/07/09), it is currently a series of check sheets giving species name, brief description, habitat and high quality photos of the plants.
].
The tree yields an excellent timber[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
], and is also harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

E. Asia - Indian subcontinent, China, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Caroline Islands.

Habitat

Forests on mountain slopes at elevations from 200 - 1,200 metres in southern China[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
]. Lowland forest in Malaysia[
334
Title
Flora of Peninsula Malaysia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.tfbc.frim.gov.my
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
In the process of being assembled (15/07/09), it is currently a series of check sheets giving species name, brief description, habitat and high quality photos of the plants.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height20.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

Not known

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The bark is used as a tonic and as a stomachic; an infusion of it is drunk to stimulate the appetite[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Other Uses

The wood is fine-textured, hard, heavy, elastic, resistant to moisture. It is used for house construction, bridges and boats[
46
Title
Dictionary of Economic Plants.
Publication
 
Author
Uphof. J. C. Th.
Publisher
Weinheim
Year
1959
ISBN
-
Description
An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants. Not for the casual reader.
,
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
The heartwood is light straw to light brown in colour; it is not clearly demarcated from the lighter coloured sapwood. The texture is moderately fine and even, the grain is straight or interlocked. The wood is moderately hard to hard, and moderately heavy to heavy. Most specimens are small trees and their wood of rather limited dimensions, this limits their use to mainly items such as tool handles, posts, turnery, carving, and fancy articles[
966
Title
Identification and Utilization of Lesser-known Commercial Timbers in Peninsular Malaysia 8: Keruntum, Kungang, Leban
Publication
Timber Technology Bulletin No. 43
Author
Lim S. C. Gan K. S.
Website
https://info.frim.gov.my/infocenter/booksonline/ttb/TTBno43.pdf
Publisher
Forest Research Institute Malaysia
Year
2007
ISBN
139-258
Description
Part of an excellent series of handbooks giving information on the woods of southeast Asia.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-08-25. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Vitex+quinata>

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