Casarettoa mollissima Walp.
Vitex laciniosa Turcz.
Common Name: Taruma Do Cerrado
Taruma do cerrado is a deciduous or semi-deciduous tree according to its environment[
]. It grows from 6 - 12 metres tall with a wide, dense crown[
]. The bole is short and slightly fluted, about 30 - 40cm in diameter[
The edible fruit is sometimes gathered from the wild for local use, though it is not widely appreciated[
]. An ornamental plant, it can be used in street plantings[
S. America - Paraguay, southern, central, eastern and northern Brazil, Bolivia.
Savannahs and semi-deciduous forests, most commonly in secondary formations, at elevations over 500 metres[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Ornamental, Wild
Prefers a sunny position[
Newly planted young trees establish fairly well and grow away moderately quickly[
Fruit - raw[
]. A fleshy pulp with a sweet flavour, but it is difficult to separate from the seed[
]. The fruit is about 3cm long and 2cm wide[
A pioneer species within its native range, where it can be used in reforestation projects[
The wood is moderately heavy, easy to split, moderately durable when not exposed to the moistness of the soil[
]. It is used for internal finishing in buildings[
We have no more information on the wood for this species. However, we have a general description for the wood of S. American species of this genus, which is as follows:-
The heartwood is variable according to the species, ranging from yellowish-brown through deep brown, olive-green or olive-brown; it is usually not sharply demarcated from the whitish, yellow, or pale brown sapwood. The texture is rather fine to moderately coarse; the grain straight, sometimes irregular; lustre ranges from low to high; there is no distinctive odour or taste. A silica content of 0.76% is reported. Depending on the species, durability varies from moderately durable to very durable when exposed to a white-rot and brown-rot fungus. Actual field exposures show some species as durable and others as susceptible to attack by decay fungi and insects. Reports are also variable on seasoning, material from Panama had a moderate drying rate and no appreciable defects. The wood is easy to work with both hand and machine tools, though there is some tearing if grain is irregular; it takes a high polish. It is used for purposes such as furniture, millwork, veneer and plywood, general carpentry, mallet heads, chisel handles and flooring[
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe. Sow the seed in individual containers and place in light shade. Germination rates are normally low, with the seed sprouting within 30 - 50 days[
]. Seedlings grow away quickly and are ready for planting out just 6 months after germinating[
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