Vitex bakeri B.L.Rob.
Vitex barbata Planch. ex Baker
Vitex camporum Büttner
Vitex cordata Aubrév.
Vitex diversifolia Baker
Vitex epidictyodes Mildbr. ex W.Piep.
Vitex hockii De Wild.
Vitex milanjiensis Britten
Vitex pobeguinii Aubrév.
Vitex ringoetii De Wild.
Vitex schweinfurthii Baker
Vitex schweinfurthii Gürke
Vitex simplicifolia Oliv.
Vitex vogelii Baker
Vitex madiensis is a shrub or small tree reaching not much more than 5 metres tall[
]. The plant sometimes has a more herbaceous habit, producing annual stems up to 1.5 metres long from a massive underground woody rootstock[
The edible fruit is exceptionally popular within the plants native range - it is commonly harvested from the wild for local use and is also widely sold in local markets[
]. An essential oil in the leaves has been recommended for commercial exploitation[
]. Although not usually cultivated, the plant is often protected when land is cleared for cultivation[
Tropical Africa - Senegal to Somalia, south to Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Mozambique.
Combretum, Terminalia and Brachystegia woodland and flood pans with Brachystegia; grassland, wooded grassland or dense woodlands; at elevations from 1,000 - 1,800 metres[
|Other Uses Rating||
|Cultivation Status||Semi-cultivated, Wild
Fruit - raw or cooked[
]. Sweet and mealy[
]. The thin pulp clings to the stone, which contains 3 to 4 seeds[
]. The purple-black fruit is about the size of an olive[
]. The oblong-rounded fruit is about 25mm long and 10 - 20mm wide[
The leaves and roots have medicinal uses[
Bark extracts are used in the treatment of skin diseases and toothache[
The leaves yield an essential oil of such sweet and penetrating fragrance that it has been recommended for commercial development[
The branches are used as chew sticks for maintaining the health of teeth and gums[
The wood is used for fuel and to make charcoal[
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